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Passive sentence comprehension difficulties and its related factors in children with cochlear implants

Title
Passive sentence comprehension difficulties and its related factors in children with cochlear implants
Authors
Lee Y.Sung J.E.Sim H.
Ewha Authors
심현섭성지은
SCOPUS Author ID
심현섭scopus; 성지은scopus
Issue Date
2018
Journal Title
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
ISSN
0165-5876JCR Link
Citation
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology vol. 109, pp. 60 - 66
Keywords
ChildrenCochlear implantPassive sentence comprehensionWorking memory
Publisher
Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to investigate which syntactic structures, from active and passive sentences, sensitively differentiate children with cochlear implants (CIs) from children with normal hearing (NH), to explore the correlations among working memory (WM) and other factors for each group, and to examine predictors of the active and passive sentence scores for both groups. Methods: Twenty deaf children with CIs and 20 children with NH, aged 8–14 years, were included in this study. Sentence comprehension skills were measured using the picture-pointing comprehension task, which consisted of active and passive sentences. The WM capacity was tested by the digit forward, digit backward, word forward, and word backward span tasks. Results: Passive sentence type was a significant predictor to differentiate between the two groups (p <.05). In the CI group, passive sentence scores were significantly correlated with age, duration of an implant use, receptive vocabulary scores, and WM scores (all p values <.05). In the stepwise regression analysis, WM capacity was a significant factor in predicting the passive sentence scores of children with CIs (p <.05). Conclusion: Passive sentence type was a significant factor in distinguishing the CI group from the NH group. The WM capacity was an important predictor accounting for individual differences in processing complex sentence types for children with CIs. The results indicate that a complex syntactic form may serve as a clinically critical index in detecting higher-level cognitive and linguistic processing difficulties in good performers after implantation. © 2018
DOI
10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.03.025
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
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