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Molecular divergence between disjunct taxa in eastern Asia and eastern North America
- Molecular divergence between disjunct taxa in eastern Asia and eastern North America
- Lee N.S.; Sang T.; Crawford D.J.; Yeau S.H.; Kim S.-C.
- Ewha Authors
- 이남숙; 여성희
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 이남숙; 여성희
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- American Journal of Botany
- American Journal of Botany vol. 83, no. 10, pp. 1373 - 1378
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Eastern Asian-eastern North American disjuncts in four genera were examined for allozyme divergence and sequence divergence of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The disjunct pairs of taxa include Caulophyllum robustum-C. thalictroides, Menispermum dauricum-M. canadense. Penthorum chinense-P. sedoides, and Phryma leptostachya var. asiatica-P. leptostachya var. leptostachya. Allozyme divergence was comparable in Caulophyllum and Penthorum (genetic identities of 0.534 anti 0.546) and was considerably higher than between pairs of taxa in Menispermum (0.273) and Phryma (0.291). Caulophyllum and Penthorum, which have the highest genetic identities at allozyme loci, also have low ITS sequence divergences (1.30 and 1.65%, respectively). Phryma, which has low isozyme identity, also has the highest ITS sequence divergence (4.46%). The two taxa of Menispermum have low ITS sequence divergence (0.93%) despite having a low identity (0.273) at allozyme loci. The results suggest that divergence between the taxa in the four genera are not the result of a single historical event. Estimated divergence times are reasonably consistent with a late Miocene disjunction for Caulophyllum and Penthorum, whereas the age of the Phryma disjunction is calculated at over 20 million years. The nonconcordant divergences between allozymes and ITS sequences in Menispermum may be caused by concerted evolution in the latter or possibly longer generation time in the woody plants. Additional molecular data are needed to clarify the situation.
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