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Covalent modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with imidazolium-based ionic liquids: Effect of anions on solubility
- Covalent modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with imidazolium-based ionic liquids: Effect of anions on solubility
- Park M.J.; Lee J.K.; Lee B.S.; Lee Y.-W.; Choi I.S.; Lee S.-G.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
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- Journal Title
- Chemistry of Materials
- Chemistry of Materials vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1546 - 1551
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
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- Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were covalently modified with imidazolium salt-based ionic liquids (ILs). Coupling of acid chloride-functionalized MWCNTs with commercially available (3-aminopropyl) imidazole, followed by the reaction with n-butyl bromide, afforded 1-butylimidazolium bromide salt-functionalized MWCNTs (f-3a). The bromide anion of f-3a could be exchanged with BF 4 -, PF 6 -, and NTf 2 - (N,N-bis((trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl)amide) by metathesis and afforded functionalized MWCNTs, f-3b (BF 4 -), f-3c (PF 6 -), and f-3d (NTf 2 -), bearing different counteranions. Raman, IR, NMR, TGA, and XPS analyses clearly confirmed covalent functionalization and imidazolium salt formation as well as anion exchange of the IL-functionalized MWCNTs. UV-vis data imply that counteranions have an effect on the relative solubility of the IL-functionalized MWCNTs in water: The solubility of f-3 in water is of the order f-3a (Br -) > f-3b (BF 4 -) > f-3c (PF 6 -) > f-3d (NTf 2 -), and the water-soluble f-3a was phase-transferred from the aqueous phase to the chloroform phase via simple anion exchange with NTf 2 -. All of the IL-functionalized MWCNTs, including the water-soluble f-3a, exhibited a preferential solubility in an ionic liquid, [bmim][NTf 2]. © 2006 American Chemical Society.
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