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Chemoradiation-Induced Alteration of Programmed Death-Ligand 1 and CD8+ Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes Identified Patients With Poor Prognosis in Rectal Cancer: A Matched Comparison Analysis

Title
Chemoradiation-Induced Alteration of Programmed Death-Ligand 1 and CD8+ Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes Identified Patients With Poor Prognosis in Rectal Cancer: A Matched Comparison Analysis
Authors
Lim Y.J.Koh J.Kim S.Jeon S.-R.Chie E.K.Kim K.Kang G.H.Han S.-W.Kim T.-Y.Jeong S.-Y.Park K.J.Wu H.-G.
Ewha Authors
김규보
SCOPUS Author ID
김규보scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
ISSN
0360-3016JCR Link
Citation
vol. 99, no. 5, pp. 1216 - 1224
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Purpose To evaluate chemoradiotherapy (CRT)-induced changes in the expression levels of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and prognostic associations in rectal cancer. Methods and Materials We performed a paired analysis using pre-CRT biopsies and the corresponding post-CRT resected tissues of 123 rectal cancer patients undergoing preoperative CRT followed by surgery between 2005 and 2012. Immunohistochemistry of PD-L1 and CD8 was analyzed for the specimens. Results The expression levels of PD-L1 and density of CD8+ TILs increased after CRT (P<.001 for both). With cutoffs using each median value, sustained higher expression of PD-L1 at pre- and post-CRT (high-to-high) was associated with less increase in the density of CD8+ TILs (P=.020). Patients representing sustained high-to-high PD-L1 expression had poorer overall survival and disease-free interval on univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis (P=.018 and.029, respectively), with inferior disease-free interval in low-to-low density CD8+ TILs (P=.010). On multivariate analysis, 2 subgroups with high baseline PD-L1 expression level, the high-to-low and high-to-high alterations, showed worse overall survival (hazard ratio 8.34, 95% confidence interval 1.85-37.53 and hazard ratio 11.03, 95% confidence interval 2.33-52.29, respectively), with the highest mortality risk observed in the high-to-high group. Conclusions This study verified the CRT-induced immunologic shift toward increases in PD-L1 expression and density of CD8+ TILs in rectal cancer patients. The alteration profiles of checkpoint-related molecules identified the patients with poor prognosis, suggesting potential candidates who can benefit from combining CRT and checkpoint inhibitors. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
DOI
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.07.004
Appears in Collections:
의학전문대학원 > 의학과 > Journal papers
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