View : 122 Download: 0

Age-related Decline in Case-Marker Processing and its Relation to Working Memory Capacity

Title
Age-related Decline in Case-Marker Processing and its Relation to Working Memory Capacity
Authors
Sung J.E.
Ewha Authors
성지은
SCOPUS Author ID
성지은scopus
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
ISSN
1758-5368JCR Link
Citation
vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 813 - 820
Keywords
AgingCanonicity of word orderCase-marker processingSyntactic complexityWorking memory capacity
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Objectives: Purposes of the current study were to investigate whether age-related decline emerged in a case-marker assignment task (CMAT) and to explore the relationship between working-memory (WM) capacity and case-marker processing.Method: A total of 121 individuals participated in the study with 62 younger adults and 59 elderly adults. All were administered a CMAT that consisted of active and passive constructions with canonical and noncanonical word-order conditions. A composite measure of WM tasks served as an index of participants' WM capacity.Results: The older group performed worse than the younger group, and the noncanonical word order elicited worse performance than the canonical condition. The older group demonstrated greater difficulty in case-marker processing under the canonical condition and passive construction. Regression results revealed that age, education, and sentence type were the best predictors to account for performance on the CMAT.Discussion: The canonicity of word order and passive construction were critical factors related to decline in abilities in a case-marker assignment. The combination of age, education, and sentence type factors accounted for overall performance on case-marker processing. Results indicated the crucial necessity to find a cognitively and linguistically demanding condition that elicits aging effects most efficiently, considering language-specific syntactic features.
DOI
10.1093/geronb/gbv117
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE