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Relationships Between Demographic, Clinical, and Health Care Provider Social Support Factors and Internalized Stigma in People Living With HIV

Title
Relationships Between Demographic, Clinical, and Health Care Provider Social Support Factors and Internalized Stigma in People Living With HIV
Authors
Jang, NaraBakken, Suzanne
Ewha Authors
장나라
Issue Date
2017
Journal Title
JANAC-JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIATION OF NURSES IN AIDS CARE
ISSN
1055-3290JCR Link1552-6917JCR Link
Citation
vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 34 - 44
Keywords
health care provider communicationhealth care provider trusthealth-related quality of lifeinternalized HIV stigmasocial supportquality care
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
Internalized HIV stigma (IHS) threatens people living with HIV (PLWH) and the public. Our purpose was to identify relationships between PLWH perceptions of IHS and demographic, clinical, overall health, health-related quality of life, and perceived health care provider (HCP) social support. Using survey data from PLWH(n = 292) in an urbanHIV clinic, we first examined the reliability and validity of an existing IHS measure. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that the IHS score was composed of three factors: (a) Perception of Negative Societal Beliefs, (b) Fear of Disclosure, and (c) Perception of Negative HCP Beliefs, which were used as dependent variables in the multivariate analysis. In multivariate regression models, gender, education, quality of life, Getting Needed Care, and Trust in HCP were significantly related to at least one IHS factor. Our findings advance the measurement of IHS and provide a foundation for intervention development to reduce IHS in care settings. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
DOI
10.1016/j.jana.2016.08.009
Appears in Collections:
간호대학 > 간호학전공 > Journal papers
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