View : 74 Download: 0

Cross-Linguistic Differences in a Picture-Description Task Between Korean- and English-Speaking Individuals With Aphasia

Title
Cross-Linguistic Differences in a Picture-Description Task Between Korean- and English-Speaking Individuals With Aphasia
Authors
Sung, Jee EunDeDe, GayleLee, Soo Eun
Ewha Authors
성지은
SCOPUS Author ID
성지은scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY
ISSN
1058-0360JCR Link1558-9110JCR Link
Citation
vol. 25, no. 4, pp. S813 - S822
Publisher
AMER SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING ASSOC
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS
Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine cross-linguistic differences in a picture-description task between Korean-and English-speaking individuals with Broca's and anomic aphasia to determine whether a variation exists in the use of verbs and nouns across the language and aphasia groups. Method: Forty-eight individuals (male = 29; female = 19) participated in the study (n = 28 for aphasic group and n = 20 healthy controls). Data for English speakers were obtained from the Aphasia Bank Project. We used the picture-description task to obtain connected speech samples and analyzed noun- and verb-related linguistic variables. Results: Korean speakers with aphasia produced more verbs per utterance and a lower noun-to-verb ratio than English speakers with aphasia, whereas English speakers produced more nouns than Korean speakers. The Korean anomic group produced more verbs than Korean speakers with Broca's aphasia, whereas no effects were significant for English speakers with aphasia depending on the type of aphasia. Conclusions: Aphasia symptoms vary as a function of linguistic features of languages that individuals with aphasia used premorbidly. Furthermore, the linguistic characteristics of the individual's language influenced aphasia symptoms more strongly than the type of aphasia. It is theoretically and clinically important that this cross-linguistic study provides different perspectives, and that noun-verb deficits may vary depending on linguistic features.
DOI
10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0140
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE