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Bilingual effects on deployment of the attention system in linguistically and culturally homogeneous children and adults

Title
Bilingual effects on deployment of the attention system in linguistically and culturally homogeneous children and adults
Authors
Yang, SujinYang, Hwajin
Ewha Authors
양수진
SCOPUS Author ID
양수진scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN
0022-0965JCR Link1096-0457JCR Link
Citation
vol. 146, pp. 121 - 136
Keywords
Bilingual advantagesAttention systemAttention Network TestGlobal-local processing efficiencyAlertingOrientingExecutive control
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
We investigated the impact of early childhood and adulthood bilingualism on the attention system in a group of linguistically and culturally homogeneous children (5- and 6-year olds) and young adults. We administered the child Attention Network Test (ANT) to 63 English monolingual and Korean-English bilingual children and administered the adult ANT to 39 language- and culture matched college students. Advantageous bilingual effects on attention were observed for both children and adults in global processing levels of inverse efficiency,, response time, and accuracy at a magnitude more pronounced for children than for adults. Differential bilingualism effects were evident at the local network level of executive control and orienting in favor of the adult bilinguals only. Notably, however, bilingual children achieved an adult level of accuracy in the incongruent flanker condition, implying enhanced attentional skills to cope with interferences. Our findings suggest that although both child and adult bilinguals share cognitive advantages in attentional functioning, age-related cognitive and linguistic maturation differentially shapes the outcomes of attentional processing at a local network level. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved,
DOI
10.1016/j.jecp.2016.01.011
Appears in Collections:
사회과학대학 > 심리학전공 > Journal papers
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