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Combined dual substituent constant and activation parameter analysis assigns a concerted mechanism to alkaline ethanolysis at phosphorus of Y-substituted phenyl diphenylphosphinates

Title
Combined dual substituent constant and activation parameter analysis assigns a concerted mechanism to alkaline ethanolysis at phosphorus of Y-substituted phenyl diphenylphosphinates
Authors
Um I.-H.Park J.E.Shin Y.-H.
Ewha Authors
엄익환
SCOPUS Author ID
엄익환scopusscopus
Issue Date
2007
Journal Title
Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry
ISSN
1477-0520JCR Link
Citation
vol. 5, no. 21, pp. 3539 - 3543
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Second-order rate constants have been measured for reactions of Y-substituted phenyl diphenylphosphinates (1a-h) with EtO -K + in anhydrous ethanol. A linear Brønsted-type plot is obtained with β Lg = -0.54, a typical β Lg value for reactions which proceed through a concerted mechanism. The Hammett plots correlated with σ o and σ - constants are linear but exhibit many scattered points, while the corresponding Yukawa-Tsuno plot results in excellent linear correlation with r = 0.41. The r value of 0.41 indicates that the leaving group departs at the rate-determining step (RDS) whether the reactions proceed through either a concerted or a stepwise mechanism. However, a stepwise mechanism in which departure of the leaving group occurs at the RDS is excluded since the incoming EtO - ion is much more basic and a poorer leaving group than the leaving aryloxide. The ΔH ‡ values determined in the current reactions are strongly dependent on the nature of the substituent Y, while the ΔS ‡ values remain constant on changing the substituent Y in the leaving group, i.e., from Y = H to Y = 4-NO 2 and Y = 3,4-(NO 2) 2. These ΔH ‡ and ΔS ‡ trends also support a concerted mechanism. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
DOI
10.1039/b712427a
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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