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Enhanced greenhouse gas emission from exposed sediments along a hydroelectric reservoir during an extreme drought event

Title
Enhanced greenhouse gas emission from exposed sediments along a hydroelectric reservoir during an extreme drought event
Authors
Jin H.Yoon T.K.Lee S.-H.Kang H.Im J.Park J.-H.
Ewha Authors
박지형
SCOPUS Author ID
박지형scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
Environmental Research Letters
ISSN
1748-9318JCR Link
Citation
vol. 11, no. 12
Keywords
carbon dioxidedroughtextreme eventgreenhouse gas emissionhydroelectric reservoirsediment
Publisher
Institute of Physics Publishing
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
An active debate has been underway on the magnitude and duration of carbon (C) emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs, yet little attention has been paid to stochastic C emissions from reservoir sediments during extreme climatic events. A rare opportunity for field measurements of CO2 efflux from a hydroelectric reservoir in Korea during an extreme drought event was used to examine how prolonged droughts can affect microbial organic matter processing and the release of CO2, CH4 and N2O from exposed sediments. Chamber measurements of CO2 efflux along an exposed sediment transect, combined with high-frequency continuous sensor measurements of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) in the reservoir surface water, exhibited extraordinary pulses of CO2 from exposed sediments and the turbulent inflowing water in contrast to a small CO2 sink in the main water body of the reservoir and a low efflux of CO2 from the flooded sediment. Significant increases in the production of CO2, CH4 and N2O observed in a laboratory incubation of sediments, together with enhanced activities of phenol oxidase and three hydrolases, indicate a temporary activation of microbial organic matter processing in the drying sediment. The results suggest that drought-triggered pulses of greenhouse gas emission from exposed sediments can offset the C accumulation in reservoir sediments over time scales of years to decades, reversing the trend of declining C emissions from aging reservoirs. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.
DOI
10.1088/1748-9326/11/12/124003
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엘텍공과대학 > 환경공학전공 > Journal papers
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