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The extract of Prunus persica flesh (PPFE) attenuates chemotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity in mice

Title
The extract of Prunus persica flesh (PPFE) attenuates chemotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity in mice
Authors
Chang K.L.Kwang K.P.Jae K.H.Sang K.L.Won Y.C.
Ewha Authors
이상국
Issue Date
2008
Journal Title
Phytotherapy Research
ISSN
0951-418XJCR Link
Citation
vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 223 - 227
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II) is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of a variety of human solid tumors. However, its clinical use is limited due to severe toxicity. The pathogenesis of liver damage caused by cisplatin is generally considered to be oxidative damage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of the ethanol extract of Prunus persica flesh (PPFE) against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity in animal models. In a xenograft model with the repeated administration of a low-dose cisplatin (5 mg/kg body weight) for 15 days, and in an acute toxicity model with a single administration of a high-dose cisplatin (45 mg/kg body weight) over a 16 h period, the consecutive administration of PPFE in combination with and prior to the cisplatin injection reversed the cisplatin-induced decrease in the liver weight as a percentage of total body weight, and the cisplatin-induced increases in the serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels caused by liver damage. Moreover, the oral administration of PPFE significantly recovered the reduced glutathione level and inhibited lipid peroxidation in the cisplatin-treated mice. These results demonstrate that supplementation with PPFE might protect against cisplatin-induced toxicity in cancer patients. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
DOI
10.1002/ptr.2296
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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