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Aminolysis of O-aryl thionobenzoates: Amine basicity combines with modulation of the nature of substituents in the leaving group and thionobenzoate moiety to control the reaction mechanism
- Aminolysis of O-aryl thionobenzoates: Amine basicity combines with modulation of the nature of substituents in the leaving group and thionobenzoate moiety to control the reaction mechanism
- Um I.-H.; Hwang S.-J.; Yoon S.; Jeon S.-E.; Bae S.-K.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Journal of Organic Chemistry
- vol. 73, no. 19, pp. 7671 - 7677
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- (Chemical Equation Presented) A kinetic study is reported for aminolysis of O-Y-substituted phenyl thionobenzoates (la-f) and O-4-nitrophenyl X-substituted thionobenzoates (2a-f) in 80 mol % H 2O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 ± 0.1°C. The reaction proceeds through one or two intermediates (i.e., a zwitterionic tetrahedral intermediate T ± and its deprotonated form T -) depending on the basicity difference between the nucleophile and nucleofuge, that is, the reaction proceeds through T ± when the leaving aryloxide is less basic than the attacking amine, but through T ± and T - when the leaving group is more basic than the amine. However, the reaction mechanism is not influenced by the electronic nature of the substituent X in the nonleaving group. The Hammett plot for the reactions of 2a-f with benzylamine is consisted of two intersecting straight lines, which might be interpreted as a change in the rate-determining step (RDS). However, the Yukawa-Tsuno plot for the same reactions exhibits an excellent linear correlation, indicating that the nonlinear Hammett plot is not due to a change in the RDS but caused by stabilization of the ground-state of the substrate through resonance interaction between the electron-donating substituent X and the thionocarbonyl moiety. © 2008 American Chemical Society.
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