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Structure-activity relationships of truncated adenosine derivatives as highly potent and selective human A3 adenosine receptor antagonists

Title
Structure-activity relationships of truncated adenosine derivatives as highly potent and selective human A3 adenosine receptor antagonists
Authors
Pal S.Choi W.J.Choe S.A.Heller C.L.Gao Z.-G.Chinn M.Jacobson K.A.Hou X.Lee S.K.Kim H.O.Jeong L.S.
Ewha Authors
정낙신이상국최원준
Issue Date
2009
Journal Title
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN
0968-0896JCR Link
Citation
vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 3733 - 3738
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
On the basis of potent and selective binding affinity of truncated 4′-thioadenosine derivatives at the human A3 adenosine receptor (AR), their bioisosteric 4′-oxo derivatives were designed and synthesized from commercially available 2,3-O-isopropylidene-d-erythrono lactone. The derivatives tested in AR binding assays were substituted at the C2 and N6 positions. All synthesized nucleosides exhibited potent and selective binding affinity at the human A3 AR. They were less potent than the corresponding 4′-thio analogues, but showed still selective to other subtypes. The 2-Cl series generally were better than the 2-H series in view of binding affinity and selectivity. Among compounds tested, compound 5d (X = Cl, R = 3-bromobenzyl) showed the highest binding affinity (Ki = 13.0 ± 6.9 nM) at the hA3 AR with high selectivity (at least 88-fold) in comparison to other AR subtypes. Like the corresponding truncated 4′-thio series, compound 5d antagonized the action of an agonist to inhibit forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase in hA3 AR-expressing CHO cells. Although the 4′-oxo series were less potent than the 4′-thio series, this class of human A3 AR antagonists is also regarded as another good template for the design of A3 AR antagonists and for further drug development. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
DOI
10.1016/j.bmc.2009.03.034
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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