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Design and fabrication of a self-aligned parallel-plate-type silicon micromirror minimizing the effect of misalignment

Title
Design and fabrication of a self-aligned parallel-plate-type silicon micromirror minimizing the effect of misalignment
Authors
Yoo B.-W.Park J.-H.Jin J.-Y.Jang Y.-H.Kim Y.-K.
Ewha Authors
박재형
Issue Date
2009
Journal Title
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
ISSN
0960-1317JCR Link
Citation
vol. 19, no. 5
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
This paper describes a self-alignment method whereby a mirror actuation voltage, corresponding to a specific tilting angle, is unvarying in terms of misalignment during fabrication. A deep silicon etching process is proposed to penetrate the top silicon layer (the micromirror layer) and an amorphous silicon layer (the addressing electrode layer) together, through an aluminum mask pattern, in order to minimize the misalignment effect on the micromirror actuation. The size of a fabricated mirror plate is 250 × 250 × 4 νm3. A pair of amorphous silicon electrodes under the mirror plate is about half the size of the mirror plate individually. Numerical analysis associated with calculating the pull-in voltage and the bonding misalignment is performed to verify the self-alignment concepts focused upon in this paper. Curves of the applied voltage versus the tilt angle of the self-aligned micromirror are observed using a position sensing detector in order to compare the measurement results with MATLAB analysis of the expected static deflections. Although a 3.7 νm misalignment is found between the mirror plate and the electrodes, in the direction perpendicular to the shallow trench of the electrodes, before the self-alignment process, the measured pull-in voltage has been found to be 103.4 V on average; this differs from the pull-in voltage of a perfectly aligned micromirror by only 0.67%. Regardless of the unpredictable misalignments in repetitive photolithography and bonding, the tilting angles corresponding to the driving voltages are proved to be uniform along the single axis as well as conform to the results of analytical analysis. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.
DOI
10.1088/0960-1317/19/5/055004
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자연과학대학 > 물리학전공 > Journal papers
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