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Electrochemical phenomena in direct methanol fuel cells investigated by multiple NMR analyses of cathode and anode exhausts

Title
Electrochemical phenomena in direct methanol fuel cells investigated by multiple NMR analyses of cathode and anode exhausts
Authors
Hwang, Ryeo YunByun, Young SeokHan, Oc Hee
Ewha Authors
한옥희
SCOPUS Author ID
한옥희scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
ISSN
1572-6657JCR Link1873-2569JCR Link
Citation
vol. 775, pp. 320 - 324
Keywords
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopyDirect methanol fuel cellFuel cell exhaustMultiple analysisElectrochemical reactionGrotthuss mechanismProton transferSpatial distribution
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Taking advantage of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to easily identify and quantify chemicals, electrochemical reactions in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are investigated here by NMR analyses of cathode and anode exhausts. Deuterium (H-2) NMR spectroscopy directly detects CD3OH unreacted and D+ produced during CD3OH oxidation in the DMFC prepared with PtRu/C or Pt/C anode catalysts and operated at different voltages. The data indicate more CD3OH oxidation for PtRu/C anode catalysts, confirming methanol oxidation activity of PtRu/C to be higher than that of Pt/C. However, CD3OH populations at the cathode side, which reflects the amount of methanol crossed over to the cathode but not oxidized, are similar, and D+ detected at the cathode is primarily from CD3OH oxidation at the cathode. Our results support the Grotthuss mechanism contribution in the proton transfer and demonstrate an advantage in investigating electrochemical phenomena of the DMFCs by directly detecting methanol and protons electrochemically generated at the anode and cathode side. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.jelechem.2016.06.015
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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