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The effectiveness of parental education via smartphone application on number of utterances and initiation ratio

Title
The effectiveness of parental education via smartphone application on number of utterances and initiation ratio
Authors
Park W.Yim D.
Ewha Authors
임동선
SCOPUS Author ID
임동선scopus
Issue Date
2015
Journal Title
Communication Sciences and Disorders
ISSN
2288-1328JCR Link
Citation
vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 500 - 509
Keywords
Children with language delayInitiation ratioNumber of utterancesParental educationSmartphone application
Publisher
Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Indexed
SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
Objectives: Children with language delay have low competence in lexical, grammatical knowledge and pragmatic skills. The problems they have can affect their later academic performance and peer relationships. Therefore early intervention is highly recommended. One of the effective methods for early intervention is parental education. However, parents have difficulty in generalizing the strategies they have learned. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of using a smartphone application as a tool for increasing the effectiveness of parental education. Methods: Eight mothers and their children with language delay between 2 and 3 years old participated in this study. As a pre-test researchers collected spontaneous language samples. After the pre-test, 6 sessions of parental education were conducted. During the parental education, four parents were asked to use the smartphone application during parent-child interaction. But, the rest of the parents were asked to keep a log of the duration of interaction instead of using the smartphone application. After the end of all sessions, a post-test was conducted in the same method as the pre-test. Each spontaneous speech sample was collected and analyzed for the number of utterances and initiation ratio. Results: The children in the experimental group, who used the smartphone application during parental education showed higher intervention effects than the control group. Conclusion: Parental education can modify parent-child interaction style in positive and effective ways. Additionally, smartphone applications can feasibly increase the effect of parental education. © 2015 Korean Academy of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology.
DOI
10.12963/csd.15263
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 언어병리학과 > Journal papers
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