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Kinetic study on alkaline hydrolysis of Y-substituted phenyl picolinates: Effects of modification of nonleaving group from benzoyl to picolinyl on reactivity and reaction mechanism
- Kinetic study on alkaline hydrolysis of Y-substituted phenyl picolinates: Effects of modification of nonleaving group from benzoyl to picolinyl on reactivity and reaction mechanism
- Kim M.-J.; Kim M.-Y.; Um I.-H.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
- vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1138 - 1142
- Alkaline hydrolysis; Aryl picolinate; Electronic repulsion; Forced concerted mechanism; Intermediate
- Korean Chemical Society
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- Second-order rate constants (k<inf>OH</inf>-) for alkaline hydrolysis of Y-substituted phenyl picolinates (6a-6i) have been measured spectrophotometrically. A linear Brønsted-type plot is obtained with β<inf>lg</inf> = -0.34, which is typical for reactions reported previously to proceed through a stepwise mechanism with formation of an addition intermediate being the rate-determining step (RDS). However, σ<inf>Y</inf>o constants result in a much poorer Hammett correlation than σ<inf>Y</inf>- constants. Furthermore, the Yukawa-Tsuno plot exhibits an excellent linear correlation with ρ<inf>Y</inf> = 0.82 and r = 0.72, indicating that a negative charge develops partially on the O atom of the leaving group in the RDS. Thus, the reactions have been concluded to proceed through a forced concerted mechanism with a highly unstable intermediate 7. Comparison of the current kinetic data with those reported previously for the corresponding reactions of Y-substituted phenyl benzoates has revealed that modification of the nonleaving group from benzoyl to picolinyl causes not only an increase in reactivity but also a change in the reaction mechanism (i.e., from a stepwise mechanism to a forced concerted pathway). © 2015 Korean Chemical Society, Seoul & Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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