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Panax ginseng: A role in cancer therapy?

Title
Panax ginseng: A role in cancer therapy?
Authors
Chang Y.S.Seo E.-K.Gyllenhaal C.Block K.I.
Ewha Authors
서은경
SCOPUS Author ID
서은경scopus
Issue Date
2003
Journal Title
Integrative Cancer Therapies
ISSN
1534-7354JCR Link
Citation
vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 13 - 33
Indexed
SCIE; SCOPUS scopus
Abstract
Panax ginseng is a plant that has been used in traditional medicine in China for thousands of years. It is used as a general tonic or adaptogen with chronically ill patients and is frequently featured in traditional medicine prescriptions from China, Japan, and Korea used by cancer patients. The putative active compounds are the ginsenosides, of which there are more than two dozen. These compounds are found in both Panax ginseng and in other Panax species that are used in herbal medicine. Analysis of ginsenosides is being used in developing quality control assessments for ginseng, which has frequently been adulterated due to its high cost; many currently available standardized extracts do appear to contain the amounts of ginsenosides listed on package labeling. The toxicity of ginseng appears to be low: some of the reports of toxic episodes of ginseng may actually pertain to other components of multicomponent preparations. Very low incidence of toxicity has been observed in ginseng clinical trials using well-characterized preparations. Numerous pharmacological activities of ginseng and the ginsenosides have been explored: the authors review here the activities relating to cancer. Immune system modulation, antistress activities, and antihyperglycemic activities are among the most notable features of ginseng noted in laboratory and clinical analyses. Much testing has been done in humans to explore ginseng's purported antifatigue properties, but this area remains controversial. A number of investigations point to antitumor properties and other pharmacological activities related to cancer, but no trials have yet confirmed a clinically significant anticancer activity. Cancer patients may empirically find ginseng to be useful when they are fatigued, although clinical trials should be conducted to confirm its benefits.
DOI
10.1177/1534735403251167
Appears in Collections:
약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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