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Cardiac self-efficacy and its predictors in patients with coronary artery diseases

Title
Cardiac self-efficacy and its predictors in patients with coronary artery diseases
Authors
Kang Y.Yang I.-S.
Ewha Authors
강윤희
SCOPUS Author ID
강윤희scopus
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Journal of Clinical Nursing
ISSN
0962-1067JCR Link
Citation
vol. 22, no. 17-18, pp. 2465 - 2473
Indexed
SCIE; SSCI; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
Aims and objectives: To investigate cardiac self-efficacy and its predictors among patients with coronary artery diseases. Background: Patients with coronary artery diseases must perform the health behaviour to prevent recurrent cardiac events. It has been already well known that self-efficacy is a vital factor in both initiating and maintaining health behaviours. Design: Descriptive correlational and cross-sectional survey design. Methods: Subjects were interviewed using structured study questionnaires. The data collected were statistically analysed by descriptive statistics and inferential statistics including the t-test, anova, Tukey's test, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression analysis to determine the predictors of cardiac self-efficacy. Results: A convenience sample of 214 patients with coronary artery diseases was included. The mean age of subjects was 60·71 ± 10·07 years, and three-fourths were men. The overall model significantly explained 15·8% of variance in cardiac self-efficacy. Among predictors, occupation, diagnosis, body mass index, experience of receiving patient education and awareness of risk factors had statistically significant influences on cardiac self-efficacy. Conclusions: Rather than disease knowledge, factors related to subject's perception were more likely to associate with cardiac self-efficacy. These findings might provide a theoretical basis to develop nursing interventions for enhancing cardiac self-efficacy of patients with coronary artery diseases. Relevance to clinical practice: Clinical nurses taking care of patients with coronary artery diseases should consider the patients' perception on their coronary artery diseases including experience of receiving patient education, and awareness of risk factors in encouraging the cardiac self-efficacy to promote the health behaviours for the secondary prevention of coronary artery diseases. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
DOI
10.1111/jocn.12142
Appears in Collections:
간호대학 > 간호학전공 > Journal papers
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