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Sacrificing entrepreneurship? the labor politics of small businesses in Korea and Japan

Title
Sacrificing entrepreneurship? the labor politics of small businesses in Korea and Japan
Authors
Yun J.-W.
Ewha Authors
윤지환
SCOPUS Author ID
윤지환scopus
Issue Date
2013
Journal Title
Korea Observer
ISSN
0023-3919JCR Link
Citation
vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 55 - 86
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
This study provides an analysis of contemporary difficulties that Korea and Japan are facing in promoting the entrepreneurial economy. Despite energetic policies to encourage small entrepreneurships, distinctive patterns of small business problems have persisted in the two countries. Drawing upon the new framework of labor politics, this study argues that the problems are associated with new employment systems resulting from national struggles toward industrial recovery. After the late 1990s, Korea reorganized its industry in a market-rational fashion and created a corresponding employment system that flattened most employment benefits throughout labor markets. This system has thus forced people to run small businesses in low-skilled sectors. Conversely, Japan endeavored to improve its industrial capacity of producing highquality goods by institutionalizing privileged employment benefits for regular workers. However, the resulting dualization of employment benefits has caused many Japanese people to avoid participating in productive activities through small business. © 2013 by THE INSTITUTE OF KOREAN STUDIES.
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사회과학대학 > 정치외교학전공 > Journal papers
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