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Local BMP-7 release from a PLGA scaffolding-matrix for the repair of osteochondral defects in rabbits

Title
Local BMP-7 release from a PLGA scaffolding-matrix for the repair of osteochondral defects in rabbits
Authors
Jung M.R.Shim I.K.Chung H.J.Lee H.R.Park Y.J.Lee M.C.Yang Y.I.Do S.H.Lee S.J.
Ewha Authors
이승진심인경
SCOPUS Author ID
이승진scopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Journal of Controlled Release
ISSN
0168-3659JCR Link
Citation
vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 485 - 491
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The use of tissue engineering to repair large osteochondral defects has been impeded by the limited regenerative capacity of cartilage. Herein, we describe the local release of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7) to stimulate the bone marrow-derived progenitors to repair osteochondral defects. BMP-7-releasing poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) matrix was specially designed to retain the dual-function of local BMP-7 release and progenitor-scaffolding with its defect-fitting architecture. To optimize the release kinetics during the repair period, BMP-7/PLGA film was cast on the surface of a cylindrical PLGA matrix. The matrix demonstrated a release profile of BMP-7 in a sustained manner over 28 days, maintaining its biological activity. The cylindrical PLGA matrices loaded with BMP-7 were implanted into the osteochondral defects (2 mm in diameter, 3 mm in depth) in rabbit knees. Histological observations revealed that neo-cartilage generation was completed in a well-integrated morphology with its surrounding normal cartilage and subchondral bone at 12 weeks post-implantation. Partial degradation of the PLGA matrix during the repair period guided neo-cartilage formation, which verified the effective scaffolding function of the matrix. Regenerated cartilage in BMP-7-treated defects stained positive for type II collagen and glycosaminoglycan (GAG). Adjacent BMP-7-untreated defects were also repaired with cartilage regeneration, suggesting the effect of local BMP-7 release in the synovial fluid. The BMP-7-unloaded PLGA matrix demonstrated guided cartilage regeneration to a certain extent, whereas the adjacent defects without the matrix revealed only fibrous tissue infiltration. These results indicated that a strategy employing the combined functions of local BMP-7 release and the cell scaffolding of a PLGA matrix might be a potential modality for osteochondral repair. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI
10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.07.040
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약학대학 > 약학과 > Journal papers
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