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Joint analysis of gravitational lensing, clustering, and abundance: Toward the unification of large-scale structure analysis

Joint analysis of gravitational lensing, clustering, and abundance: Toward the unification of large-scale structure analysis
Yoo J.Seljak U.
Ewha Authors
Uros Seljak
Issue Date
Journal Title
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
1550-7998JCR Link
vol. 86, no. 8
We explore three different methods based on weak lensing to extract cosmological constraints from the large-scale structure. In the first approach [method I: U. Seljak, Phys. Rev. D 71, 103515 (2005)PRVDAQ1550-7998], small-scale galaxy or cluster lensing measurements of their halo mass provide a constraint on the halo bias, which can be combined with the large-scale galaxy or cluster clustering to measure the dark matter clustering. In the second approach [method II: T. Baldauf, Phys. Rev. D 81, 063531 (2010)PRVDAQ1550-7998], large-scale galaxy clustering and large-scale galaxy-galaxy lensing each trace the large-scale dark matter clustering, and the two can be combined into a direct measurement of the dark matter clustering. These two methods can be combined into one method I+II to make use of lensing measurements on all scales. In the third approach (method III), we add abundance information to the method I, which is a version of self-calibrated cluster abundance method. We explore the statistical power of these three approaches as a function of galaxy or cluster luminosity to investigate the optimal mass range for each method and their cosmological constraining power. In the case of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we find that the three methods give comparable constraints, but not in the same mass range: the method II works best for halos of M∼1013M S, typical of luminous red galaxies, and the methods I and III work best for halos of M∼1014M S, typical of low-mass clusters. We discuss the robustness of each method against various systematics. Furthermore, we extend the analysis to the future large-scale galaxy surveys and find that the cluster abundance method is not superior to the combined method I+II, both in terms of statistical power and robustness against systematic errors. The cosmic shear-shear correlation analysis in the future surveys yields constraints as strong as the combined method, but suffer from additional systematic effects. We thus advocate the combined analysis of clustering and lensing (method I+II) as a powerful alternative to other large-scale probes. Our analysis provides a guidance to observers planning large-scale galaxy surveys such as the DES, Euclid, and the LSST. © 2012 American Physical Society.
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