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Alteration of phytotoxicity and oxidant stress potential by metal oxide nanoparticles in Cucumis sativus

Title
Alteration of phytotoxicity and oxidant stress potential by metal oxide nanoparticles in Cucumis sativus
Authors
Kim S.Lee S.Lee I.
Ewha Authors
이인숙
SCOPUS Author ID
이인숙scopusscopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
ISSN
0049-6979JCR Link
Citation
vol. 223, no. 5, pp. 2799 - 2806
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
This study was carried out to examine the phytotoxicity and oxidant stress by CuO and ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) in Cumumis sativus and the characterization of CuO and ZnO NP suspensions. We estimated the bioaccumulation of CuO and ZnO NP in plant, reactive oxygen species enzyme (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD)) activities in plant tissue of root, and observed CuO and ZnO NPs with transmission electron microscopy. We found that the seedling biomass significantly decreased to 75% and 35% of that of control at 1,000 mg/L of CuO and ZnO NPs, respectively. The bioavailability and oxidant stress potential of plants exposed to metal oxide particles were dependent in the size, concentration, and species of the NPs. The median inhibition concentrations of CuO and ZnO NPs were 376 and 215 mg/L, respectively. In transmission electron microscopy, CuO and ZnO NPs greatly adhered to the root cell wall, and NPs were observed in the root cells. Another finding indicated that both CuO and ZnO NPs caused statistically significant increase in SOD, CAT, and POD activities and significant increase at 100 mg/L concentration levels. These results indicated that NPs alter both phytotoxicity and oxidative stress in plant assays.We further suggest that the oxidative stress markers appear to be a good predator of potential future toxicity of nanoparticles. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011.
DOI
10.1007/s11270-011-1067-3
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자연과학대학 > 생명과학전공 > Journal papers
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