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Water-soluble mononuclear cobalt complexes with organic ligands acting as precatalysts for efficient photocatalytic water oxidation

Title
Water-soluble mononuclear cobalt complexes with organic ligands acting as precatalysts for efficient photocatalytic water oxidation
Authors
Hong D.Jung J.Park J.Yamada Y.Suenobu T.Lee Y.-M.Nam W.Fukuzumi S.
Ewha Authors
남원우Shunichi Fukuzumi이용민
SCOPUS Author ID
남원우scopus; Shunichi Fukuzumiscopus; 이용민scopusscopus
Issue Date
2012
Journal Title
Energy and Environmental Science
ISSN
1754-5692JCR Link
Citation
vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 7606 - 7616
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The photocatalytic water oxidation to evolve O2 was performed by photoirradiation (λ > 420 nm) of an aqueous solution containing [Ru(bpy)3]2+ (bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine), Na 2S2O8 and water-soluble cobalt complexes with various organic ligands as precatalysts in the pH range of 6.0-10. The turnover numbers (TONs) based on the amount of Co for the photocatalytic O2 evolution with [CoII(Me6tren)(OH2)] 2+ (1) and [CoIII(Cp*)(bpy)(OH 2)]2+ (2) [Me6tren = tris(N,N′- dimethylaminoethyl)amine, Cp* = η5- pentamethylcyclopentadienyl] at pH 9.0 reached 420 and 320, respectively. The evolved O2 yield increased in proportion to concentrations of precatalysts 1 and 2 up to 0.10 mM. However, the O2 yield dramatically decreased when the concentration of precatalysts 1 and 2 exceeded 0.10 mM. When the concentration of Na2S2O8 was increased from 10 mM to 50 mM, CO2 evolution was observed during the photocatalytic water oxidation. These results indicate that a part of the organic ligands of 1 and 2 were oxidized to evolve CO2 during the photocatalytic reaction. The degradation of complex 2 under photocatalytic conditions and the oxidation of Me6tren ligand of 1 by [Ru(bpy) 3]3+ were confirmed by 1H NMR measurements. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) experiments indicate the formation of particles with diameters of around 20 ± 10 nm and 200 ± 100 nm during the photocatalytic water oxidation with 1 and 2, respectively. The particle sizes determined by DLS agreed with those of the secondary particles observed by TEM. The XPS measurements of the formed particles suggest that the surface of the particles is covered with cobalt hydroxides, which could be converted to active species containing high-valent cobalt ions during the photocatalytic water oxidation. The recovered nanoparticles produced from 1 act as a robust catalyst for the photocatalytic water oxidation. This journal is © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
DOI
10.1039/c2ee21185h
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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