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Hydrolysis of 1-(X-substituted-benzoyl)-4-aminopyridinium ions: Effect of substituent X on reactivity and reaction mechanism

Title
Hydrolysis of 1-(X-substituted-benzoyl)-4-aminopyridinium ions: Effect of substituent X on reactivity and reaction mechanism
Authors
Um I.-H.Kim E.-H.Kang J.-S.
Ewha Authors
엄익환
SCOPUS Author ID
엄익환scopusscopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry
ISSN
1477-0520JCR Link
Citation
vol. 9, no. 23, pp. 8062 - 8067
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
A kinetic study is reported for hydrolysis of 1-(X-substituted-benzoyl)-4- aminopyridinium ions 2a-i, which were generated in situ from the nucleophilic substitution reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted-benzoates 1a-i with 4-aminopyridine in 80 mol% H 2O/20 mol% DMSO at 25.0 ± 0.1 °C. The plots of pseudo-first-order rate constants k obsdvs. pyridine concentration are linear with a large positive intercept, indicating that the hydrolysis of 2a-i proceeds through pyridine-catalyzed and uncatalyzed pathways with the rate constant k cat and k o, respectively. The Hammett plots for k cat and k o consist of two intersecting straight lines, which might be taken as evidence for a change in the rate-determining step (RDS). However, it has been proposed that the nonlinear Hammett plots are not due to a change in the RDS but are caused by stabilization of 2a-i in the ground state through a resonance interaction between the π-electron-donor substituent X and the carbonyl functionality. This is because the corresponding Yukawa-Tsuno plots exhibit excellent linear correlations with ρ X = 1.45 and r = 0.76 for k cat while ρ X = 1.39 and r = 0.72 for k o. A possibility that the hydrolysis of 2a-i proceeds through a concerted mechanism has been ruled out on the basis of the large ρ X values. Thus, the reaction has been concluded to proceed through a stepwise mechanism in which the leaving group departs after the RDS since OH - is more basic and a poorer nucleofuge than 4-aminopyridine. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011.
DOI
10.1039/c1ob06137b
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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