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Size-and shape-dependent activity of metal nanoparticles as hydrogen-evolution catalysts: Mechanistic insights into photocatalytic hydrogen evolution

Title
Size-and shape-dependent activity of metal nanoparticles as hydrogen-evolution catalysts: Mechanistic insights into photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
Authors
Kotani H.Hanazaki R.Ohkubo K.Yamada Y.Fukuzumi S.
Ewha Authors
Shunichi Fukuzumi
SCOPUS Author ID
Shunichi Fukuzumiscopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Chemistry - A European Journal
ISSN
0947-6539JCR Link
Citation
vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 2777 - 2785
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The catalytic activity of Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) with different sizes and shapes was investigated in a photocatalytic hydrogen-evolution system composed of the 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium ion (Acr +-Mes: photocatalyst) and dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH: electron donor), based on rates of hydrogen evolution and electron transfer from one-electron-reduced species of Acr +-Mes (Acr .-Mes) to PtNPs. Cubic PtNPs with a diameter of (6.3±0.6)nm exhibited the maximum catalytic activity. The observed hydrogen-evolution rate was virtually the same as the rate of electron transfer from Acr .-Mes to PtNPs. The rate constant of electron transfer (k et) increased linearly with increasing proton concentration. When H + was replaced by D +, the inverse kinetic isotope effect was observed for the electron-transfer rate constant (k et(H)/k et(D)=0.47). The linear dependence of k et on proton concentration together with the observed inverse kinetic isotope effect suggests that proton-coupled electron transfer from Acr .-Mes to PtNPs to form the PtH bond is the rate-determining step for catalytic hydrogen evolution. When FeNPs were used instead of PtNPs, hydrogen evolution was also observed, although the hydrogen-evolution efficiency was significantly lower than that of PtNPs because of the much slower electron transfer from Acr .-Mes to FeNPs. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
DOI
10.1002/chem.201002399
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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