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Novel oxidative modifications in redox-active cysteine residues
- Novel oxidative modifications in redox-active cysteine residues
- Jeong J.; Jung Y.; Na S.; Lee E.; Kim M.-S.; Choi S.; Shin D.-H.; Paek E.; Lee H.-Y.; Lee K.-J.
- Ewha Authors
- 이공주; 최선; 신동해
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 이공주; 최선; 신동해
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- Molecular and Cellular Proteomics
- Molecular and Cellular Proteomics vol. 10, no. 3
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- Redox-active cysteine, a highly reactive sulfhydryl, is one of the major targets of ROS. Formation of disulfide bonds and other oxidative derivatives of cysteine including sulfenic, sulfinic, and sulfonic acids, regulates the biological function of various proteins. We identified novel low-abundant cysteine modifications in cellular GAPDH purified on 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) by employing selectively excluded mass screening analysis for nano ultraperformance liquid chromatography-electrospray- quadrupole-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry, in conjunction with MOD i and MODmap algorithm. We observed unexpected mass shifts (Δm = -16, -34, +64, +87, and +103 Da) at redox-active cysteine residue in cellular GAPDH purified on 2D-PAGE, in oxidized NDP kinase A, peroxiredoxin 6, and in various mitochondrial proteins. Mass differences of -16, -34, and +64 Da are presumed to reflect the conversion of cysteine to serine, dehydroalanine (DHA), and Cys-SO2-SH respectively. To determine the plausible pathways to the formation of these products, we prepared model compounds and examined the hydrolysis and hydration of thiosulfonate (Cys-S-SO2-Cys) either to DHA (Δm = -34 Da) or serine along with Cys-SO2-SH (Δm = -64 Da). We also detected acrylamide adducts of sulfenic and sulfinic acids (+87 and +103 Da). These findings suggest that oxidations take place at redox-active cysteine residues in cellular proteins, with the formation of thiosulfonate, Cys-SO2-SH, and DHA, and conversion of cysteine to serine, in addition to sulfenic, sulfinic and sulfonic acids of reactive cysteine. © 2011 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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