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Alkaline hydrolysis of Y-substituted phenyl phenyl thionocarbonates: Effect of changing electrophilic center from C=O to C=S on reactivity and mechanism

Title
Alkaline hydrolysis of Y-substituted phenyl phenyl thionocarbonates: Effect of changing electrophilic center from C=O to C=S on reactivity and mechanism
Authors
Kim S.-I.Park H.-R.Um I.-H.
Ewha Authors
엄익환
SCOPUS Author ID
엄익환scopusscopus
Issue Date
2011
Journal Title
Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
ISSN
0253-2964JCR Link
Citation
vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 179 - 182
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
Second-order rate constants (kOH-) have been measured spectrophotometrically for reactions of Y-substituted phenyl phenyl thionocarbonates (4a-i) with OH- in 80 mol % H2O/20 mol % DMSO at 25.0 ± 0.1 °C. The kOH- values for the reactions of 4a-i have been compared with those reported previously for the corresponding reactions of Y-substituted phenyl phenyl carbonates (3a-i) to investigate the effect of changing the electrophilic center from C=O to C=S on reactivity and mechanism. Thionocarbonates 4a-i are less reactive than the corresponding carbonates 3a-i although 4a-i are expected to be more reactive than 3a-i. The Brønsted-type plot for reactions of 4a-i is linear with β1g = - 0.33, a typical β1g value for reactions reported to proceed through a stepwise mechanism with formation of an intermediate being the rate-determining step (RDS). Furthermore, the Hammett plot correlated with σ° constants results in much better linearity than that correlated with σ- constants, indicating that expulsion of the leaving group is not advanced in the RDS. Thus, alkaline hydrolysis of 4a-i has been concluded to proceed through a stepwise mechanism with formation of an intermediate being RDS, which is in contrast to the forced concerted mechanism reported for the corresponding reactions of 3a-i. Enhanced stability of the intermediate upon modification of the electrophilic center from C=O to C=S has been concluded to be responsible for the contrasting mechanisms.
DOI
10.5012/bkcs.2011.32.1.179
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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