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Hierarchically assembled 2D nanoplates and 0d nanoparticles of lithium-rich layered lithium manganates applicable to lithium ion batteries

Title
Hierarchically assembled 2D nanoplates and 0d nanoparticles of lithium-rich layered lithium manganates applicable to lithium ion batteries
Authors
Baek J.Y.Ha H.-W.Kim I.-Y.Hwang S.-J.
Ewha Authors
황성주
SCOPUS Author ID
황성주scopus
Issue Date
2009
Journal Title
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
ISSN
1932-7447JCR Link
Citation
vol. 113, no. 40, pp. 17392 - 17398
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
The porous hierarchical assembly of lithium-rich Li1+xMnO 3-δ 2D nanoplates as well as isolated 0D nanocrystalline homologues has been synthesized via lithiation reactions of nanostructured manganese oxides under hydrothermal conditions. According to powder X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy, a hydrothermal LiOH treatment for nanostructured δ-MnO2 precursor produces a lithium-rich Li 1+xMnO3-δ phase with the nanoworm-like hierarchically assembled 2D nanoplate morphology. After the lithiation reaction under identical conditions, the 1D nanowires of the α-MnO2 precursor are transformed into the 0D nanoparticles of the Li 1+xMnO3-δ phase. The Mn K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopic analysis for the lithiated materials clearly demonstrated that tetravalent manganese ions are stabilized in octahedral sites of a Li 2MnO3-type layered structure composed of edge-shared MnO6/LiO6 octahedra. From electrochemical measurements, it was found that the lithiated Li1+xMnO3-δ nanostructured materials show much superior electrode performance over the precursor manganese oxides and bulk lithium-rich manganate. The powder X-ray diffraction analyses for the electrochemically cycled derivatives clearly demonstrated that the improvement of electrode performance after lithiation can be attributed to the phase transformation to the Li-rich Li 1+xMnO3-δ phase with high structural stability. On the basis of the present experimental findings, we are able to conclude that the present phase transformation route provides a new method not only to synthesize nanostructured lithium-rich manganese oxides with controllable dimensionality and morphology but also to improve the electrode performance of nanostructured manganese oxides. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
DOI
10.1021/jp904072r
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자연과학대학 > 화학·나노과학전공 > Journal papers
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