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Decreased phosphorylation of STAT-1, STAT-4 and cytokine release in MDR-TB patients with primary resistance
- Decreased phosphorylation of STAT-1, STAT-4 and cytokine release in MDR-TB patients with primary resistance
- Kim H.J.; Chung D.H.; Kim M.J.; Jang J.H.; Kim Y.W.; Han S.K.; Shim Y.-S.; Yim J.-J.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
- International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1071 - 1076
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Document Type
- SETTING: We recently showed that treatment failure rate was higher among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients without a previous history of tuberculosis (TB) treatment, or so-called 'primary resistance'. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the phosphorylation levels of signal transducers and activators of transcription-1 (STAT-1) and STAT-4 and the subsequent cytokine release as a possible cause of a poor prognosis in MDR-TB patients with primary resistance. DESIGN: Ten patients with successfully treated pulmonary TB without resistance, 12 MDR-TB patients with acquired resistance and 10 MDR-TB patients with primary resistance were enrolled. After 24 h stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin-12 (IL-12), purified protein derivative (PPD), or lysate of Mycobacteriutn tuberculosis, flow cytometric analysis of intracellular pSTAT-1 and pSTAT-4 were performed and secretion of IFN-γ, IL-12p40 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) was measured in culture supernatant. RESULTS: The mean fluorescent intensities of pSTAT-1 and pSTAT-4 in PBMC of MDR-TB patients with primary resistance decreased on stimulation of IFN-γ, PPD or lysate of M. tuberculosis when compared with patients with acquired resistance. In addition, secretion of IFN-γ, IL-12p40 and TNF-α in these patients decreased on various stimuli. CONCLUSION: Decreased phosphorylation of STAT-1, STAT-4, and of subsequent cytokine release, might be associated with a poor prognosis in MDR-TB patients with primary resistance.
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