View : 78 Download: 0

Assessment of electoral reforms in Korea

Title
Assessment of electoral reforms in Korea
Authors
Kim W.S.
Ewha Authors
김왕식
SCOPUS Author ID
김왕식scopus
Issue Date
2008
Journal Title
Korea Observer
ISSN
0023-3919JCR Link
Citation
vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 37 - 58
Indexed
SSCI; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
This paper aim to assess the recent electoral reforms in terms of democratic criteria. First, the new electoral system can be evaluated as reflecting democratic principles more accurately than did the previous one; this is because the new system - the proportional representation system - permits voters to make choices among parties and candidates. Second, this system does not take into account the local or regional distribution of electorates or local and regional specialties and identities. Third, the proportional representation system has the potential to resolve disproportionality; however, its effect is mimimal. Fourth, the new rule that compels parties to offer a balanced selection of candidates, when offering their lists for the proportional representation of seats, has drastically increased the proportion of female representation in the National Assembly. However, the new electoral system also needs to be revised in order for democratic principles, especially with respect to political equality, to be reflected as closely as possible. For a proportional representation election, the electoral system should be revised from a single national list of candidates to a province-based list; moreover, it should be revised in order to increase the number of seats allocated on the basis of a proportional representation election. We need to undertake further efforts to increase the proportion of female representation in the National Assembly. In this regard, we should consider the introduction of a quota system for female representation as part of the single-member district elections. © 2008 by The Institute of Korean Studies.
Appears in Collections:
사범대학 > 사회과교육과 > Journal papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE