Journal of Korean Medical Science vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 184 - 190
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
Bcr-abl antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) have provided evidence of an antileukemia effect when tested in vitro against Philadelphia-positive cells. In order to investigate the efficacy of AS-ODNs as purging agents in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, K562 cells, a human CML cell line, were treated in vitro with various types of AS-ODNs and interferon-α. Cells were treated in vitro for 0 and 36 hr with 40 μg/mL of AS-ODNs, respectively, and incubated at 37°C for 36 hr. Cytotoxic effects were measured by counting the number of viable cells as well as by MTT test. Clonogenic activities were evaluated by methylcellulose culture for 2 weeks. The effects of purging agents on the rearrangement of bcr-abl gene were evaluated by RT-PCR. AS-ODNs inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells with time in cell count assay and MTT test. AS-ODNs were superior to INF-α in inhibiting clonogenic activity (recovery rate; 26.3% vs 64.0%). After incubation with bcr-abl AS-ODNs primers and mRNA isolated from K562 cells, positive bands were abolished, especially of b3a2 type and phosphorothioate type. Our results suggest that AS-ODNs mediated purging may be one of the efficient methods and that autograft may be an alternative treatment for allograft in high-risk group patients of CML if they do not have a stem cell donor.