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Structure-reactivity correlations in the reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted benzoates with alicyclic secondary amines
- Structure-reactivity correlations in the reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted benzoates with alicyclic secondary amines
- Um I.-H.; Min J.-S.; Lee H.-W.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
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- Journal Title
- Canadian Journal of Chemistry
- vol. 77, no. 5-6, pp. 659 - 666
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Apparent second-order rate constants (k(app)) have been measured spectrophotometrically for the reaction of 2,4-dinitrophenyl X-substituted benzoates with a series of alicyclic secondary amines in H2O containing 20 mol% DMSO at 25°C. The microconstants involved in the reaction (k-1/k2, k1, and k1k2/k-1) have also been calculated. The magnitude of k(app), k1, and k1k2/k-1 values increases with increasing amine basicity and with increasing acid strengthening ability of the acyl substituent X. The k-1/k2 value decreases from ca. 6.5 to 0.3 with increasing the amine basicity, but remains almost constant upon changing the acyl substituent X for a given amine, indicating that the rate-determining step is governed by the basicity of amine but not by the electronic nature of the acyl substituent X. The Bronsted-type plots for k(app) show a break at pK(a) = 9.1, supporting the assumption that a change in the rate-determining step occurs from rate-limiting breakdown to formation of the addition intermediate as amine basicity increases. The corresponding Bronsted-type plots for k-1/k2, k1, and k1k2/k-1 are linear but their β values are different. σ constants show better correlation with log k(app), log k1 and log k1k2/k-1 for the reaction with low basic amines (pK(a) < 9.1), while σ constants exhibit better correlation for the reaction with highly basic amines (pK(a) > 9.1). The magnitude of ρ1 is identical to that of ρ(app) and ρ(eq) for a given amine.
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