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Thermotolerance inhibits various stress-induced apoptosis in NIH3T3 cells

Thermotolerance inhibits various stress-induced apoptosis in NIH3T3 cells
Park J.-E.Lee K.-J.Kim C.
Ewha Authors
김춘미scopus; 이공주scopus
Issue Date
Journal Title
Archives of Pharmacal Research
0253-6269JCR Link
vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 46 - 53
When NIH3T3 cells were exposed to mild heat and recovered at 37°C for various time intervals, they were thermotolerant and resistant to subsequent stresses including heat, oxidative stresses, and antitumor drug methotrexate which are apoptotic inducers. The induction kinetics of apoptosis by stresses were determined by DNA fragmentation and protein synthesis using [35S]methionine pulse labeling. We investigated the hypothesis that thermotolerant cells were resistant to apoptotic cell death compared to control cells when both cells were exposed to various stresses inducing apoptosis. The cellular changes in thermotolerant cells were examined to determine which components are involved in this resistance. At first, the degree of resistance correlates with the extent of heat shock protein synthesis which were varied depending on the heating times at 45°C and recovery times at 37°C after heat shock. Secondly, membrane permeability change was observed in thermotolerant cells. When cells prelabeled with [3H]thymidine were exposed to various amounts of heat and recovered at 37°C for 1/2 to 24 h, the permeability of cytosolic [3H]thymidine in thermotolerant cells was 4 fold higher than that in control cells. Thirdly, the protein synthesis rates in thermotolerant and control cells were measured after exposing the cells to the same extent of stress. It turned out that thermotolerant cells were less damaged to same amount of stress than control cells, although the recovery rates are very similar to each other. These results demonstrate that an increase of heat shock proteins and membrane changes in thermotolerant cells may protect the cells from the stresses and increase the resistance to apoptotic cell death, even though the exact mechanism should be further studied.
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