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Early prediction of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients: comparison of single-voxel H-1-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

Title
Early prediction of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer patients: comparison of single-voxel H-1-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography
Authors
Cho, NariyaIm, Seock-AhKang, Keon WookPark, In-AeSong, In ChanLee, Kyung-HunKim, Tae-YongLee, HyunjongChun, In KookYoon, Hai-JeonMoon, Woo Kyung
Ewha Authors
윤혜전
SCOPUS Author ID
윤혜전scopus
Issue Date
2016
Journal Title
EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
ISSN
0938-7994JCR Link1432-1084JCR Link
Citation
vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 2279 - 2290
Keywords
Breast neoplasmMagnetic resonance imagingMagnetic resonance spectroscopyPositron emission tomographyNeoadjuvant chemotherapy
Publisher
SPRINGER
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS WOS scopus
Abstract
To prospectively compare performances of single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1-MRS) and F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in predicting pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer patients. Thirty-five breast cancer patients who received NAC and subsequent surgery were prospectively enrolled. MRS and FDG-PET were performed before and after the 1st NAC cycle. Percentage changes of total choline-containing compounds (tCho) via MRS, and maximum and peak standardized uptake values (SUVmax, SUVpeak) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) via FDG-PET were measured, and their performances in predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) were compared. Of the 35 patients, 6 showed pCR and 29 showed non-pCR. Mean % reductions of tCho, SUVmax, SUVpeak, and TLG of the pCR group were larger than those of the non-pCR group (-80.3 +/- 13.9 % vs. -32.1 +/- 49.4 %, P = 0.025; -54.7 +/- 22.1 % vs. -26.3 +/- 33.7 %, P = 0.058; -60.7 +/- 18.3 % vs. -32.3 +/- 23.3 %, P = 0.009; -89.5 +/- 8.5 % vs. -52.6 +/- 36.2 %, P = 0.020). Diagnostic accuracy (area under ROC curve; Az, 0.911) of the % reduction of tCho was comparable to those of %SUVmax (0.822), SUVpeak (0.862), and TLG (0.879) in distinguishing pCR from non-pCR (all P > 0.05). MRS showed comparable performance to FDG-PET in early prediction of pCR in breast cancer patients. aEuro cent MRS can predict response to NAC in breast cancer post-1 (st) cycle. aEuro cent Changes in tCho and SUV after NAC reflect tumour cellularity changes. aEuro cent MRS can be an alternative to FDG-PET in predicting response to NAC.
DOI
10.1007/s00330-015-4014-7
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