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Effects of Aspergillus Species Inoculation and Their Enzymatic Activities on the Formation of Volatile Components in Fermented Soybean Paste (doenjang)
- Effects of Aspergillus Species Inoculation and Their Enzymatic Activities on the Formation of Volatile Components in Fermented Soybean Paste (doenjang)
- Kum, Sun-Joo; Yang, Seung-Ok; Lee, Sang Mi; Chang, Pahn-Shick; Choi, Yong Ho; Lee, Jae Jung; Hurh, Byung Serk; Kim, Young-Suk
- Ewha Authors
- 김영석; 양승옥
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 김영석; 양승옥
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
- 0021-8561; 1520-5118
- vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 1401 - 1418
- rice-koji doenjang; Aspergillus species; volatile components; metabolomics; enzymatic activities
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- The volatile components of rice-koji doenjang produced in association with various Aspergillus species (A. oryzae, A. sojae, and A. kawachii) during 8 weeks of fermentation were compared using gas chromatographymass spectrometry analysis and multivariate statistical analysis. In addition, the activities of diverse enzymes (alpha-amylase, protease, lipase, and esterase) were determined to investigate their effects on the formation of volatile compounds. Regardless of the fungi types, carbonyls including 4-methylheptan-2-one, heptan-2-one, (E)-hept-2-enal, and hexanal were found to contribute mainly to early phase fermentation, whereas the contents of ethyl esters of long-chained fatty acids were considerably enhanced in the latter stage of fermentation. With the exception of a-amylase, the activities of the studied enzymes generally increased as fermentation proceeded, and there were significant differences in enzymes activities between the species of fungi. The lipase activity was strongly correlated with the formation of long-chain fatty acid esters, which could be related to the distinctive organoleptic properties of rice-koji doenjang.
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