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ESTIMATION OF THURSTONIAN MODELS FOR VARIOUS FORCED-CHOICE SENSORY DISCRIMINATION METHODS AS A FORM OF THE "M plus N" TEST
- ESTIMATION OF THURSTONIAN MODELS FOR VARIOUS FORCED-CHOICE SENSORY DISCRIMINATION METHODS AS A FORM OF THE "M plus N" TEST
- Bi, Jian; Lee, Hye-Seong; O'Mahony, Michael
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF SENSORY STUDIES
- 0887-8250; 1745-459X
- vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 325 - 338
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Psychometric functions for discrimination tests, which connect probabilities of correct response, p(c), with Thurstonian discriminal distances, d, are of theoretical and practical significance. This paper uses a computer-intensive approach to produce simulation-derived psychometric functions for the M+N test, which is a generalization and can be considered as a framework of many forced-choice methods. The paper demonstrates and describes chance probabilities in different situations for the M+N test. The paper compares the performances of the specified and unspecified M+N test with the M=N test. The paper provides novel tables for p(c) and d for four specific versions of the M+N test: the specified two-out-of-five test (i.e., the M+N test with M=3 and N=2); the unspecified one-out-of-four test (i.e., the M+N test with M=3 and N=1); the specified and unspecified octad tests (i.e., the M+N test with M=N=4). The corresponding B values, for calculation of the variances of d' for the tests, are also provided. The concept and practice of pseudo-correct response, i.e., forgiveness introduced by Ennis, are discussed and generalized. Practical ApplicationsConsidering the constraints imposed by the products and the circumstances of the business objective, different forms of various difference test method might be selected as the most suitable design. The proposed Thurstonian modeling approach using a simulation-derived psychometric function makes it possible to drive psychometric functions for any one of the more than 40 different versions of the M+N test. This paper shows that a simulation-derived psychometric function is compatible with an exact psychometric function. R/S-Plus codes for the simulation-derived psychometric functions are also developed and provided. Using this technique, various versions of commonly used sensory difference test methods, including the 2-AFC, triangle and tetrad, can be compared with many more versions of difference test methods. In addition, using the supplied R/S-Plus codes, the Thurstonian sensory difference measure, d, can be computed easily and quickly for various forms of the M+N test.
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