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Quadrupole-Enhanced Raman Scattering
- Quadrupole-Enhanced Raman Scattering
- Hastings, Simon P.; Swanglap, Pattanawit; Qian, Zhaoxia; Fang, Ying; Park, So-Jung; Link, Stephan; Engheta, Nader; Fakhraai, Zahra
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- ACS NANO
- 1936-0851; 1936-086X
- vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 9025 - 9034
- SERS; spiky nanoshells; QERS; quadrupole resonance; plasmon resonance; Raman spectroscopy
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Dark, nonradiating plasmonic modes are important in the Raman enhancement efficiency of nanostructures. However, it is challenging to engineer such hotspots with predictable enhancement efficiency through synthesis routes. Here, we demonstrate that spiky nanoshells have designable quadrupole resonances that efficiently enhance Raman scattering with unprecedented reproducibility on the single particle level. The efficiency and reproducibility of Quadrupole Enhanced Raman Scattering (QERS) is due to their heterogeneous structure, which broadens the quadrupole resonance both spatially and spectrally. This spectral breadth allows for simultaneous enhancement of both the excitation and Stokes frequencies. The quadrupole resonance can be tuned by simple modifications of the nanoshell geometry. The combination of tunability, high efficiency, and reproducibility makes these nanoshells an excellent candidate for applications such as biosensing, nanoantennaes, and photovoltaics.
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