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Caspase-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species in human astrocytoma cells contributes to resistance to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis
- Caspase-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species in human astrocytoma cells contributes to resistance to TRAIL-mediated apoptosis
- Choi, K.; Ryu, S-W; Song, S.; Choi, H.; Kang, S. W.; Choi, C.
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION
- vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 833 - 845
- apoptosis; ROS; caspase; oxidative modification
- NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
- SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS
- Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of the TNF family of cytokines, causes apoptosis by caspase activation in various cell types, particularly in transformed cells. Numerous types of tumors are relatively resistant to TRAIL-induced cytotoxicity; however, the reasons for this are not yet fully understood. We report here a new signal transduction pathway involving protein kinase C delta (PKC delta), NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), that inhibits caspase-dependent cell death induced by TRAIL ligation in human malignant astrocytoma cells. In our experiments, TRAIL ligation-induced generation of intracellular ROS through caspase-dependent proteolytic activation of PKC delta and subsequent activation of the NOX4 complex. Suppression of intracellular ROS induction using various pharmacological inhibitors or PKC delta- or NOX4-specific RNA interference enhanced the enzymatic activity of caspase-3 by blocking the oxidative modification of its catalytic cysteine residue, resulting in marked augmentation of TRAIL-mediated cell death. These results collectively indicate that TRAIL-induced activation of PKC delta and NOX4 can modulate TRAIL-mediated apoptosis by promoting oxidative modification of active caspase-3 in a negative-feedback manner. Cell Death and Differentiation (2010) 17, 833-845; doi:10.1038/cdd.2009.154; published online 30 October 2009
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