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Site-specific Tc-99m-labeling of antibody using dihydrazinophthalazine (DHZ) conjugation to Fc region of heavy chain
- Site-specific Tc-99m-labeling of antibody using dihydrazinophthalazine (DHZ) conjugation to Fc region of heavy chain
- Jeong, JM; Lee, J; Paik, CH; Kim, DK; Lee, DS; Chung, JK; Lee, MC
- Ewha Authors
- SCOPUS Author ID
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- ARCHIVES OF PHARMACAL RESEARCH
- vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 961 - 967
- Tc-99m; site-specific labeling; radiopharmaceutical; dihydralazine; dihydrazinophthalazine; antibody; bifunctional chelating agent
- PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY KOREA
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- The development of an antibody labeling method with Tc-99m is important for cancer imaging. Most bifunctional chelate methods for Tc-99m labeling of antibody incorporate a Tc-99m chelator through a linkage to lysine residue. In the present study, a novel site-specific Tc-99m labeling method at carbohydrate side chain in the Fc region of 2 antibodies (T101 and rabbit antihuman serum albumin antibody (RPAb)) using dihydrazinophthalazine (DHZ) which has 2 hydrazino groups was developed. The antibodies were oxidized with sodium periodate to produce aldehyde on the Fc region. Then, one hydrazine group of DHZ was conjugated with an aldehyde group of antibody through the formation of a hydrazone. The other hydrazine group was used for labeling with Tc-99m. The number of conjugated DHZ was 1.7 per antibody. Tc-99m labeling efficiency was 46-85% for T101 and 67-87% for RPAb. Indirect labeling with DHZ conjugated antibodies showed higher stability than direct labeling with reduced antibodies. High immunoreactivities were conserved for both indirectly and directly labeled antibodies. A biodistribution study found high blood activity related to directly labeled T101 at early time point as well as low liver activity due to indirectly labeled T101 at later time point. However, these findings do not affect practical use. No significantly different biodistribution was observed in the other organs. The research concluded that DHZ can be used as a site-specific bifunctional chelating agent for labeling antibody with Tc-99m. Moreover, Tc-99m labeled antibody via DHZ was found to have excellent chemical and biological properties for nuclear medicine imaging.
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