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Chiral Nonlinear optics in oxides, polymers and liquid crystals

Title
Chiral Nonlinear optics in oxides, polymers and liquid crystals
Authors
Chang, HJKim, AWu, JWHan, SHPark, BKim, JJLee, JSTakezoe, H
Ewha Authors
우정원
SCOPUS Author ID
우정원scopus
Issue Date
2003
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY
ISSN
0374-4884JCR Link
Citation
vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 587 - 596
Keywords
electro-optic effectsecond order nonlinear opticsside-chain poly-isocyanate polymerbent-core chiral liquid crystal
Publisher
KOREAN PHYSICAL SOC
Indexed
SCI; SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI WOS scopus
Abstract
The linear electro-optic (EO) effect, a second order nonlinear optical process, has been studied in optically active material systems including Bi12SiO20 oxide (BSO oxide), side-chain poly-isocyanate polymer with Disperse-Bed 1 doped, and bent-core chiral liquid crystals. In an isotropic BSO sample, the breaking of intrinsic centrosymmetry allowed the EO modulation of the refractive index under an external modulation field. The superposition principle of optical activity and optical birefringence for the total phase shift was extended to the determination of the EO coefficient in the BSO crystal. In the case of polymer and liquid crystal samples, electro-gyration (EG) effects were observed. Upon application of a Corona field to a chiral birefringent polymeric slab waveguide film, changes in the polarization rotation were observed due to nonlinear changes in the optical activity, as well as the birefringence. Moreover, in a mixture of bent-shaped molecules having both optical activity and birefringence, we investigated the strong intensity modulation related to the nonlinear optical responses of both the optical rotatory power and the birefringence. These results open the possibility of chiral EO modulation in nonlinear optically active material systems.
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자연과학대학 > 물리학전공 > Journal papers
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