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- A Comparative Study on "Ponyok Pak-t'ong-sa" and "Pak-t'ong-sa on-hae" : With a special emphasis on phonemes and vocabularies
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- 대학원 국어국문학과
- 이화여자대학교 대학원
- A Comparative Study on "Ponyok Pak-t 'ong-sa" and "Pak-t 'ong-sa On-haeV-With a special emphasis on phonemes and vocabularies-Chung, Hwa Ja Department of Korean Language and Literature Graduate School Ewha Womans University. "Ponyok Pak-t 'ong-sa" was written by Ch'oe Se-Jin in the reign of King Chung-jong (A D. 1506-1517), and "Pak-t'ong-sa On-Hae"was written by Pyon Som and Pak Se-hwa in the third year of King Suk-chong.
I will first investigate the following characteristic differ-ences between "Ponyok Pak-t 'ong sa" and "Pak t'ong-sa On-hae".
1. The dots which are depended upon Chinese phonology were dis-appeared.
2. The chroneme was represented in the toneme instead of dis-appearing.
3. It is possible to notice a tendency of confusion on the usage of 'h' under the specific nouns which are accompanied with 'h'.
4. It is also possible to notice a tendency of collapses on the usage of 'k' when the preceding syllable has final-consonant,
I shall next investigate the following characteristic differences in the phonemes, between "Ponyok Pak-t 'ong-sa" and "Pak-t 'ong-sa On-hae".
1. The intial consonant clusters /pt-, ps-/ which had been re-presented by ' ㅂㄷ' ‘ ㅂㅅ’ are pronounced /'t-/ /'s-/ in "Pak-t 'ong-sa On-hae".
2. The letter '△ ' /z/ disappeared in the "Pak-t ‘ong-sa On-hae".
3. The initial consonant clusters /ㅂㅅㄱ/ disappeared by dropping of 'ㅂ‘.
4. Gradually ‘θ’/η / has used conditionally final phoneme and then replaced with ‘σ’ /ø/ later.
5. The palatalization and aspiration were occurred.
6. The assimilation and dissimilation were occurred.
7. The cases of add and loss of phonemos were presented. It may be discovered the following problems by Investigating the vocabularies both in "Ponyok Pak-t 'ong-sa" and "Pak-t 'ong-sa On-hae". Most words, Phrases, and expressions, translated in Korean in the "Ponyok Pak-t 'ong-sa", were translated into Chinese in the "Pak-t 'ong-sa On-hae".
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