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平生敎育으로써의 家庭主婦 敎育活動에 대한 分析的 硏究

Title
平生敎育으로써의 家庭主婦 敎育活動에 대한 分析的 硏究
Other Titles
(An) Analytical study for the lifelong learning of korean housewives in Seoul City
Authors
김복동.
Issue Date
1981
Department/Major
교육대학원 사회과교육전공일반사회교육분야
Keywords
평생교육가정주부교육활동
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究의 必要性은 오늘날 時代的 要請인 平生敎育 側面에서의 면밀한 分析을 通한 보다 體系的이고 組織的인 主婦敎育 프로그램의 바람직한 方向을 定立하여야 한다는데 있다. 本 硏究의 目的은 家庭主婦들의 프로그램 參與實態를 調査分析하고 그 結果를 主婦들의 여러 가지 個人的·家庭的·社會·經濟的 特徵에 따라 比較分析하여 앞으로 우리나라 家庭主婦들을 爲한 平生敎育 프로그램 方向設定에 도움을 줄 수 있는 시사점을 提示하고 關聯된 基礎資料를 提供하자는데 있다. 本 硏究의 內容은 지금까지 敎育프로그램에 參與해온 家庭主婦들의 參與期間, 參與動機, 參與프로그램의 種類, 參與後에 느끼는 滿足度, 參與에 關聯된 촉진, 그리고 앞으로 프로그램에 對한 參與態度와 希望프로그램등을 調査 分析하는데 集中되었다. 本 硏究의 方法으로는 全體 모집된 200名中 統系處理上 168名의 敎育프로그램에서의 參與經驗이 있는 家庭主婦들을 對象으로 實施힌 質問紙 調査와 關聯 文獻의 調査를 通하여 수행되었다. 統計的 處理에 있어서는 頻度와 百分率을 基本的 資料로 處理하였으며 反應間의 差異有無는 카이자승法(Chi Square)을 活用하여 實施하였다. 本 硏究에서 使用한 質問紙는 硏究者가 作成한 것으로서 總 18個의 問項으로 構成되었다. 第Ⅰ部는 個人에 관한 事實的 情報 蒐集을 위한 7個의 問項을 수록하였으며, 第Ⅱ部는 敎育프로그램에 관한 主婦들의 敎育活動에 關聯된 11個의 問項을 수록하였다. 本 硏究의 制限点은 敎育프로그램에 관한 制限된 部分만을 取扱하였으며, 우리나라 全體 家庭主婦들을 代表할 수 있을만큼, 調査對象 標集에 있어서 充分한 代表性을 결여하였다는 점과 調査實施上의 齊一性(Uniformity)을 保障하지 못하였다는데 있다. 本 硏究의 調査結果에 基礎하여 몇 가지 結論을 내리면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 家庭主婦들이 正規形式敎育을 終了한 以後 各種 敎育 프로그램등에 參與하는 回數나 그 期間에 있어서는 主婦 自身들의 學歷과 子女數가 상당히 크게 作用하고 있다. 둘째, 家庭主婦들이 어떠한 種類의 프로그램에 參與하는가의 問題는 男便의 學歷과 상당히 意味있는 密接한 關聯을 갖고 있었다. 男便의 學歷이 높을수록 一般敎養 및 취미生活 分野의 프로그램을 選擇하는 傾向이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 家庭主婦들이 敎育프로그램에의 參與動機는 生活 및 職業上의 必要에 의해서이며 연령, 職業의 有無, 自身들의 學歷 및 子女數에 따라 參與하는 動機가 상당히 다른 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 家庭主婦들은 거의 全部 지금까지 參與해 온 敎育프로그램에 정도의 差異는 있으나 滿足을 느끼고 있었다. 다섯째, 家庭主婦들은 그들의 敎育프로그램 參與에 대하여 男便·子女 및 기타 가족 구성원들로부터 協調的인 支持를 받고 있었다. 여섯째, 家庭主婦들은 앞으로 希望하는 敎育 프로그램이 각기 다르지만, 全體的으로 個人의 知的成長과 自我實現, 家庭生活의 質的成長, 그리고 敎養과 健全한 市民生活에 도움을 받기 爲한 敎育 프로그램을 希望하고 있었다.;This study was designed to investigate the learning needs of Korean housewives regarding lifelong education program for womenadults. The ten research hypotheses were concerned with (1) Number and period of participation in adult education program, (2) Kind of program they participated, (3) Motives to participate, (4) Degree of satisfaction, (5) Push-factors for their participation, and (6) Learning needs for future program. The subjects (N=168) were composed of randomly sampled Korean housewives in Seoul City. The instrument, developed by the reseacher, included 18 questions regarding lifeling learning needs. The data was analyzed using the Chi-square Test. The significance level was set at .05 and .01. It was found that: 1) The number and period of participation in adult education programs were significantly different along with the academic careers and the number of children of the subjects. 2) A significant difference existed in the kinds of programs they participated among the subjects grouped by their husbands' academic careers. 3) There were significant differences in the motives to participated in adult educational program among the subjects grouped by their age, occupation, academic careers and mumber of children. 4) No significant difference existed in the degree of satisfaction among the subjects. 5) The most significantly affecting push-factor for their participation was the time to spare in their daily living. As a whole, no significant difference was found in the attitudes of husbands and other family numbers toward their participation in adult educational program as well as in the tuition of the program. 6) There was no significant difference in their attitudes toward future participation but in their desired Programs to participation among the independent variables of their age and academic careers. The researcher concluded that the current paractice of adult education programs for women-adults are considerably responsive to the lifelong learning needs of Korean housewives. If was, however, concluded that the academic careers of the housewives and their husbands make an effect on deciding how long and what program to participate. The housewives have various different motives for lifelong education in accordance with their age, occupation, academic careers and number of children. It was also found that the housewives obtain cooperative support from their family members without any reservation. A multitude of housewives have an uncertain decision-making regarding their continous participation in lifelong education program in future. The three most frequently selected desired programs to participate were concerned with the programs for self-actualization, qualitative improvement of family life, and citizenship. The results have potential for use as a resource for lifelong education curriculum development for women-adults. The study should be replicated in extended geographical areas with a more representative sample and in extended concept of lifelong learning needs, after conducting validity and reliability test of the instrument.
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