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中高校生의 自我槪念에 關한 一硏究

Title
中高校生의 自我槪念에 關한 一硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Self-Concept of the Middle & High School Students : Content analysis through the assortment of the adjectives and nouns
Authors
金貞淑.
Issue Date
1980
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공교육심리분야
Keywords
중학생고등학생중고교생자아개념형용사명사분류내용분석
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
The purpose of this study is as follows : first; the attempt to investigate the component and the content of the self-concept of the middle and High school students using content analysis through the assortment of the adjectives and nouns. second; the intention to investigate the self-concept in terms of developemental tendency. Through this study, the following problems have been investigated : 1. to analyze the component of the self-concept of the Korean students in the middle and high schools by grade and sex, 2. to grasp the concrete contents of self-concept of the Korean students in the middle and high schools, 3. to compare the component and the content of self-concept between Liberal arts and vocational high school students. To reach the conclusion, the data was obtained from second grade students of the middle schools and Liberal arts and the vocational high schools. The number of the selected students mount up to 600 who use the five nouns and adjectives for the self-description. This self-deseription, is categorized as follows : physical traits, character traits, self-evaluation, social relationships and attitudes, psychological conflicts, special ability and interests, hope, etc. Conclusion 1. The component of the self-concept of the middle and high school students is as follows : they understand themselves greatly as the social relationships and attitudes(41.8%) and character traits(15.4%), psychological conflicts (14.0 %), physical traits(10.1%), self-evaluation(9.5%), hope(3.2%), special ability and interests(1.8%), etc.(4.1%). There is the striking difference between the each grade and sex. The percentages of the social relation-ships and attitudes and the physical traits remarkbly are decreosed as growing old. And the percentages of the psychological conflicts and self-evaluation, Character traits are increased, especially being increased repidly psychological conflicts and negative self-evaluation. The percentage of the boys represent highly in the category of social relationships and attitudes than the girls, in the category of physical traits represent lowly. The percentage of the boys represent highly in the psychological conflicts and the self-evaluation, and the girls highly in the character traits. 2. The concrete aDntents of the self-concepts are as follows : physical traits ; facial features, physique, health, fashion, self-evaluation ; intellectual ability, moral evaluation, existence social relationships and attitudes ; position and performance in the family and school and society, social attitudes psychological conflicts ; emotional instability, isolation, sexual conflicts special ability and interests hope ; future vocation, identifing peiion. 3. The most outstanding difference of the self-concept between the students of Liberal arts and vocational.high schools is that the percentage of the social relationships and attitudes(32.3%) is highly revaled in the former case, and the psychological conflicts(32.9%) is highly revealed in the later case. The percentage of the negative self-evaluation is highly revealed in the students of the vocational high school(14.4%) than of the Liberal orts. This fact illustrates that the students of the vocational highschool suffer severely identity crisis and are lacked the self-esteem.;本 硏究의 目的은 첫째, 形容詞, 名詞 분류를 通한 內容分析의 方法을 이용하여 中·高等孝生의 自我槪念의 構成要素와 그 구체적인 내용을 살펴보고 둘째, 自我槪念의 發達경향을 考察해 보고자 한 것이다. 本 硏究에서 검토하고자 하는 問題는 다음과 같다. 1. 中·高等學生들의 自我槪念의 構成要素를 分析해 본다. 2. 中·高等學生들의 自我槪念의 구체적인 內容을 把握해 본다. 3. 人文系 高等學生과 實業系 高等學生의 自我槪念의 構咸要素와 內容을 비교해 본다. 이를 위해 本 硏究는 中學校 2學年 男女 各 100名 人文系 高等學校 2學年 男女 各 100名, 實業系 高等學校 2學年 男女 各 100名,모두 600名을 표집하고 自己自身을 다섯개의 名詞나 形容詞로 표현하게 하여, 조사결과의 內容에 따라, 「身體特徵」 「性格」「 自己評價」「社會的 關係 및 態度」「心理的 葛藤」「特技, 趣味」 「希望」等으로 分類하였으며 그 結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 中·高等學生의 自我槪念의 構成要素를 全體反應數에 대한 백분율로 살펴보면 「社會的 關係 및 態度」로 自己自身을 認識하 고 있는 경우가 41.8%로 가장 많고, 「性格」(15.4%) 「心理的 葛藤」(14.0%) 「身體特徵」(10.1%) 「自己評價」(9.5%) 「希望」(3.2%) 「特技 및 趣味」(1.8%) 「其他」(4.8%)의 순위이며 中學校別 性別에 따라 차이가 있다. 발달경향을 살펴보면 「社會的 關係 및 態度」와 「身體特徵」은 발달에 따라 현저하게 減少하고, 「心理的 葛藤」「自己評價」 「性格」은 증가하는데 특히 心理的 葛藤과 否定的 自己評價가 증가한다. 性別에 따라 비교해보면 「社會的 關係 및 態度」는 男學生이, 「身體特徵」은 女學生이 더 높게 나타났으며, 學年이 높아질수록「心理的 葛藤」 「自己評價」는 男學生에게, 「性格」은 女學生에게 높게 나타났다. 2. 自我槪念의 주체적 內容은 「身體特徵」(용모, 體格, 健康, 옷차림) 「性格」(性格特性 및 氣質) 「自己評價」(能力의 有無, 道德的 評價, 全體的 評價) 「社會的 關係 및 態度」(家庭, 學校, 社會에서의 自身의 位置, 役割, 態度) 「心理的 葛藤」(情緖的 不安定, 고립감, 性的 不滿) 「特技, 趣味」(특기 및 취미) 「希望」(장래의 직업, 同一視 大物)등이다. 3.人文系 高等學校 學生의 경우 「社會的 關係 및 態度」(32.3%)가, 實業系 高等學生의 경우 「心理的 葛藤」 (32.9%)이, 가장 높게 나타나 있으며, 不定的 自已評價의 경우 人文系(6.4%)에 비해서 實業系(14.4%)가 현저하게 높은 것으로 보아 實業系 高等學生이 정체감 혼미 현상을 더욱 극심하게 겪고 있으며, 자기 존중감이 결여되어 있는 것으로 보인다.
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