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憂鬱性向과 知覺된 父母의 養育態度 및 自我槪念과의 關係

Title
憂鬱性向과 知覺된 父母의 養育態度 및 自我槪念과의 關係
Other Titles
(A) Study on Depressive Predisposition of High School Students and Relationship with the perception on Their parent's Rearing Attitude and Self-Concept
Authors
金仙京
Issue Date
1987
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공교육심리분야
Keywords
우울성향지각된 부모양육태도자아개념
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
This Study aimed to find out depressive predisposition of high school students and its relationship with the perception on their parents' rearing and self-concepts, and to help out in counselling and guidence of students who showed highly depres- sive predisposition. Focuses of this study were concentrated on the followings: 1. Difference of depressive predisposition between female and male high school students. 2. Difference of perception towards their parents between normal and depressed group. 3. Difference of self-concept perceived by normal group and depressed group. 4. Corelation between self-concept and their perception towards their parents' rearing attitude in depressed group. For verification of above, total 221 of high school students in 2nd grade in Seoul were randomly selected and sorted into two groups, normal and depressed, according to the evaluation of their responses to the Beck's Depression Inventory(BDI). and research study through questionnaire was performed to these subjects. A test of Parents' Rearing Attitude designed by Kim, Ki-Jung and a Test of Self-Concept standardized by Chung, Yoon-Shik were used for scaling the perceived parent's rearing attitude and self-concept. For interpretation of the results, t-test,□verification were performed. Results of this study are as follows: 1. Depressive Predisposition According to Sex No significant difference was found in depressive predisposition between male and female students(□=0.05, P<.05). 2. Depressive Predisposition and Perceived Parents' Rearing Attitude. Male students responded with significant difference only in comprehensive attitude, and female showed significant difference in comprehensive attitude and accomplishment-drive attitude(P<0.001). As a whole, subjects marked very signifi- ficant response in accomplishment. 3. Depressive Predisposition and Self-concept Regardless of sex, subjects showed significant difference both in normal and depressed group(P<0.001). 4. Relationship between perceived Rearing attitude of Parents and Self-concept in Depressed Group A Significantly positive corelation was found both in male and female group between comprehensive attitude and self-concept. Whole depressed group showed significant corelation, also. In male depressed group, relationship between self-controlling attitude and self-concept was found as negative,and female depressed group showed sighificantly positive corelation between comprehensive attitude and self-concept. Whole depressed group didn't show any relationship between self-controlling attitlde and self-concept, and negative corelation was found between accomplishment drive attitlde and self-concept(P<.05).;本 硏究는 고등학생의 憂鬱性向과 知覺된 父母의 養育態度 및 自我槪念에 관하여 조사하여 憂鬱性向이 높은 학생들의 相談 및 指導에 도움을 주고자 하는데 目的이 있다. 이에 다라 本 硏究가 밝히고자 하는 문제는 다음과 같다. 1. 男學生과 女學生의 憂鬱性向은 차이가 나는가? 2. 正常集團과 憂鬱集團間의 知覺된 부모 養育態度는 차이가 있는가? 3. 正常集團과 憂鬱集團間의 自我槪念에는 차이가 있는가? 4. 憂鬱集團의 自我槪念과 知覺된 父母 養育態度는 어떠한 相關關係에 있는가? 이상의 硏究問題들을 검증하기 위하여 서울시내에 위치한 남녀고등학교 2학년 221名중 Beck의 우울증척도(BDI)에 의하여 선정된 남자고등학생(정상집단:36명, 우울집단:27명)과 여자고등학생(정상집단:42명, 우울집단:34명)으로 설문지 조사를 실시하였다. 지각된 父母의 養育態度 측정에는 김기정(1984)이 제작한 부모 養育態度 檢査를 사용하였고 自我槪念 영역 측정에는 정원식(1968)의 표준화한 自我槪念 檢査를 사용하였다. 조사 결과 수집된 資料에 대한 분석에는 t-test, χ^(2)검증, pearson의 적률상관계수 등의 통계 방법이 이용되었다. 硏究 結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 男學生과 女學生의 憂鬱性向 남학생과 여학생의 우울성향에는 유의한 차이가 없었다. (p<.05) 2. 憂鬱性向과 知覺된 父母의 養育態度 남학생은 수용적 태도에만 차이가 있었으며 여학생에서는 수용적 태도와 성취압력 태도에 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 전체적으로 볼 때 수용적 태도에서 매우 유의한 차이를 나타내고(p<.001)성취압력 태도에서 통계적으로 유의했다.(p<.05) 3. 憂鬱性向과 自我槪念 정상-우울집단과 자아개념 영역에는 성별에 차이없이 전체적으로 차이를 나타냈다.(p<.001) 4. 憂鬱集團과 知覺된 父母 養育態度와 自我槪念과의 相關關係 남녀 우울집단의 수용적 태도와 자아개념 영역에는 유의한 정적상관이었고 전체 우울집단 역시 정적상관을 나타냈다. 남자 우울집단의 자율적 태도와 자아개념 영역과는 상관이 없으며 성취압력 태도와 자아개념 영역과의 관계는 유의한 정적상관이었다.(p<.01) 우울집단 전체로 볼 때 자율적 태도와 자아개념 영역과는 상관이 없으며 성취압력 태도와 자아개념 영역과는 부적상관으로 나타났다.(p<.05)
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