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都市 住民의 婚姻 行態에 대한 地理學的 硏究
- 都市 住民의 婚姻 行態에 대한 地理學的 硏究
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- (The) marriage field of city dwellers in the urban system : on the basis of the study on Seoul, Taegu, Yeo-su, Anndong, and Ch'ungju
- Issue Date
- 교육대학원 사회과교육전공지리교육분야
- 도시 주민; 혼인 행태; 지리학; marriage field
- 이화여자대학교 교육대학원
- The main purpose of this thesis is to analyze the marriage field of the city belonging to each class in the urban system as an indicator of regional interaction, and then to elicit the primary life zone, with emphasis on the changing process of the marriage field of city dwellers depending on the overall change of the society such as urbanization, industrialization, and so on.
This study is based on the questionaire survey. The communities for study consist of Seoul as the first class in the urban system, Tae-gu as the second one, and Yeo-su, Andong, and Ch'ungju as the third one, which stand for Chella-do, Kyengsang-do, and Ch'ungch'eong-do respectively.
The result of this research can be summarized as follows:
The general marriage field, firstly in point of the marriage type the arranged marriage shows wider marriage field than the love match. Certainly in Ancong the love match shows the wider marriage field than the arranged marriage, but elsewhere the arranged marriage shows the wiedr one. Even in andong the narrow marriage field shows the larger proportion in the love match than in the arranged marriage, which says how influential the regional proximity is in the love match. But it is found that the ratio of the arranged marriage is still higher than that of the love match in Korea.
Secondly, from the standpoint of the marriage age, the average marriage age tends to become higher in proportion to the size of the cities in general. In the case of big cities, the lover the marriage age is the wider the marriage field tends to be, while in the mid-small cities such as Yeo-su, Andong and Ch'ungju, the higher the marriage age is, the wider the marriage age becomes. The marriage age difference, however, seems to make no clear distinction among the cities.
Thirdly, regarding the educational level, which tends to higher as the size of cities is larger, the higher the educational level becomes, the wider the marriage field tends to become in every city. And considering the difference of educational level, the marriage field becomes wider in proportion to the degree of the educational level difference.
Next, the occupational marriage field is similar to the marriage field according to the educational level, so. Office worders, professionals, and managers have the wider marriage field.
Besides religion can also have an influence on the marriage field. According to this study the 70-80 percentage of the dwellers in each city has the same religion.
As for the regional marriage field, according to the size of each city the marriage field of its dwellers is various. Seoulites shows the nationalwide marriage field, Taegu's dwellers take the whole province surrounding it, and Yeo-su, Andong, and Ch'ungju's dwellers show those including some districts in their own province.
In the case of the marriage field relating to the time, the development of traffic and the increase of interrigional exchange following modernization result in the expansion of the marriage field. Especially, mapped on the basis of that of 1970, the expansion of the marriage field is ascertained. The tendancy of the marriage field expansion is the most outstanding in the case of Andong, which is possibly because Andong, which was the most traditional and consurvative city in the past, had the extremely restricted marriage field, but later it had its marriage field rapidly changed owing to the opening tendancy of society and the national-politic development of Yeongnam.;人間의 空間 行動 儀式을 연구하는 것은 地理學의 주요 과제로, 사회 경제적 구조와 공간구조의 相互關係를 나타내는 지표를 통해, 인간의 공간행동을 연구하여 생활권을 油出할 수 있다.
생활권을 나타내는 지표 중 하나로 통혼권을 들 수 있는데, 본 연구에서는 서울, 대구, 여수, 안동, 충주를 대상으로 하여 도시통혼권의 일반적 특색과 지역별 특색, 시기별 특색을 살펴보았다.
일반적으로 통혼권은 혼인 방법에 혼인연령, 학력, 직업, 종교 등에 영향을 받고 있다.
안동을 제외한 모든 지역이 혼인방법에 있어서 연애의 경우, 중매보다 近距離통혼의 경향이 보이고 있다. 혼인 연령의 경우, 대도시는 혼인연령이 적을수록 遠距離 통혼의 경향이, 여수, 안동, 충주의 중소도시의 경우는 혼인연령이 많을수록 遠距離 통혼이 이루어진다. 또, 高學歷일수록 遠距離 통혼 경향이, 학력차의 경우도 그 차가 클수록 통혼의 범위가 넓어진다. 직업도 학력과 같이 사무직과 전문직 및 관리직과 같은 高學歷자들이 종사할 수 있는 직종의 통혼권이 넓다. 그외 종교도 통혼에 영향을 주는 요인으로 작용하고 있다.
지역별로 도시 규모에 따라 통혼의 범위에 차이가 나타나는데, 서울은 全國을, 대구는 해당 道 全域을, 여수, 안동, 충주는 道內一部 郡을포함한 통혼권을 나타낸다.
또한, 시기별 통혼권의 경우는 산업화, 근대화에 따른 교통의 발달과 지역간의 교류 증대로 통혼권이 擴大됨을 볼 수 있다.
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