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兒童의 學業成就結果에 대한 原因歸屬 및 授業方法과의 關係

Title
兒童의 學業成就結果에 대한 原因歸屬 및 授業方法과의 關係
Other Titles
(The) relation between the Attribution Theory about the result of Classwork Achievement and Studying Method of Children
Authors
金眞嬉
Issue Date
1991
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공초등교육분야
Keywords
아동학업성취원인귀속수업방법
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
이귀윤
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examino the attribution based on the classwork achievement of children and their preferring studying method and to try to clarifing the relation between the attribution about classwork record and studying method. Questions in the study are as follows: 1. Does the difference of the attributon of children exist according to the resurt of classwork achievement? 2. Dose the difference of studying method that children prefer exist according to the resurt of classwork achievement? 3. Which relation does exist between the attributon about the resurt of classwork achievement of children and the studying method that children prefer? Attribution examination and studying method examination were executed by making 332 children of 4th, 5th and 6th grades of S elementary school is Incheon as the study subject, so as to examine above issues. And the tendancy was analyzed by using X^(Z) verification classified by sex and grade, according to the classwork record. Conclusions from the study are as follows: 1. In the attribution among the groups classified according to the resurt of classwork achievement, there was not the significant difference statistically. However, the excellent children about classwork showed the tendancy to make attribution internally, and the stagnant children about classwork showed the tendancy th make attribution externally, and the common children didn't show the special tendancy. 2. In the attribution among the groups classified by sex the case of male children showed the tendancy to make external attribution and case of female children showed the tendancy to make internal attribution. 3. In the attribution among the groups classified by grades, the case of high grade showed the tendancy to make internal attribution, and the case of high grade showed the tendancy to make external attribution. 4. In the studying method to prefer among the groups classified acording to the resurt of classwork achievement, there was significant difference statistically. That is the excellent children about classwork and the common children showed the tendancy to prefer the open sudying method, and the stagnant children about classwork showed tendancy to prefer the traditional studying method. 5. In the studying method to prefer among the groups classifid according to sex, all the male and female children showed the tendancy to prefer the open studying method. 6. In the studying method to prefer among the groups classified according to grade, the case of low grade showed the tendancy to prefer the traditional studying method and the case of high grade showed the tendancy to prefer the open studying method. 7. There was not the significant difference statistically, in the attribution based on the resurt of classwork achievement the attribution based on the resurt of classwork achievement of children and the preferring studying method. However, in case of the excellent children about the classwork all the children to make attribution internally and externally showed the tendancy to prefer the open studying the method. And in case of the stagnant.;본 硏究는 아동의 學業成就 結果에 따른 原因歸屬과 選好하는 授業方法을 알아보고 學業成就에 대한 原因歸屬과 授業方法과의 관계를 밝혀 보려는데 그 目的이 있다. 硏究의 구체적인 내용은 다음과 같다. 1. 아동의 原因歸屬은 學業成就 結果에 따라 차이가 있는가? 2. 아동이 選好하는 授業方法은 學業成就 結果에 따라 차이가 있는가? 3. 아동의 學業成就 結果에 대한 原因歸屬과 아동이 選好하는 授業方法에는 어떤 관계가 있는가? 위의 문제를 調査하기 위하여 인천시내 S 國民學校 4,5,6학년 아동 332명을 연구대상으로 하여 原因歸屬檢査, 授業方法檢査를 실시하였고 성별, 학년별로 X^(2)檢證을 이용하여 分析하였다. 본 硏究의 結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 學業成就 結果에 따라 區分한 집단간의 原因歸屬에는 統計的으로 有意한 차이는 없었다. 그러나 學業優秀兒는 內的으로 原因歸屬을 하였고 學業不振兒는 外的으로 原因歸屬을 하였다. 2. 성별에 따라 區分한 집단간의 原因歸屬은 남아의 경우 外的 原因歸屬을 하였고 여아의 경우 內的 原因歸屬을 하였다. 3. 학년에 따라 區分한 집단간의 原因歸屬은 저학년의 경우 內的 原因歸屬을 하였고 고학년의 경우 外的 原因歸屬을 하였다. 4. 學業成就 結果에 따라 區分한 집단간의 選好하는 授業方法은 統計的으로 有意한 차이가 있었다. 學業優秀兒와 普通兒는 開放的 授業方法을 選好하였고 學業不振兒는 傳統的 授業方法을 選好하였다. 5. 성별에 따라 區分한 집단간의 選好하는 授業方法은 남아와 여아 모두 開放的 授業方法을 選好하였다. 6. 학년에 따라 區分한 집단간의 選好하는 授業方法은 저학년의 경우 傳統的 授業方法을 選好하였고, 고학년의 경우 開放的 授業方法을 選好하였다. 7. 아동의 學業成就 結果에 따른 原因歸屬과 選好하는 授業方法은 統計的으로 意義 있는 차이가 없었다. 그러나 學業優秀兒의 경우 內的 原因歸屬을 할 때와 外的 原因歸屬을 할 때 모두 開放的 授業方法을 選好하였고 學業不振兒의 경우 內的 原因歸屬을 할 때와 外的 原因歸屬을 할 때 모두 傳統的 授業方法을 選好하였다.
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