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正常集團 施設集團 肢體障碍者集團間의 性格에 關한 比較硏究

Title
正常集團 施設集團 肢體障碍者集團間의 性格에 關한 比較硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Comparison of Personality with Youth Among Normal Group, Orphan Age Group and Physically Handicapped Group : With Emphasis on Middle School
Authors
姜大姬
Issue Date
1989
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공교육심리분야
Keywords
정상집단시설집단지체장애자집단성격
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
김재은
Abstract
本 硏究는 부모와의 분리경험, 보호, 양육의 특수성을 가지고 비정상적인 환경에서 자라는 시설집단의 청소년들과 신체적 장애로 인한 심리적 갈등과 적응을 겪으면서 성장하고 있는 지체장애 청소년들을 정상가정의 청소년들과 비교해 봄으로써 그 인성특성에는 어떠한 차이가 있는지를 糾明해 보려는데 목적이 있다. 本 硏究에서 밝히고져 하는 문제는 다음과 같다. 1. 시설(고아원)집단과 정상집단간의 성격요인에 어떠한 차이가 있는가를 규명한다. 2. 지체장애자 집단과 정상집단간의 성격요인에는 어떠한 차이가 있는가를 규명한다. 3. 시설 (고아원)집단과 지체장애자 집단간의 성격요인에는 어떠한 차이가 있는가를 규명한다. 이러한 문제를 밝히고자 안양시내 3개 시설 (고아원) 수용학생 70명 (남자: 40명, 여자: 30명) 과 서울시내 2개 특수학교 학생 60명 (남자 :30명, 여자 :30명), 서울시내 4개 중학교 학생 70명 (남자: 35명, 여자 : 35명 )을 대상으로 황응연의「표준화 인성 진단검사」 (중학교용. 1979년)을 실시하여 그 결과를 집단별, 성격요인 별로 비교하여 평균치 ( M ), 표준편차 (SD)를 산출하고 t 검증을 하였다. 이 硏究를 통해서 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다. 정상집단과 시설집단의 비교에서는 시설집단의 안정성, 사회성, 효율성, 성취성에서 정상집단보다 의의있는 차이로 낮게 나타났으며 ( P<.05 ), 신경증적 경향. 정신병적 경향, 반사회적 경향에서 모두 정상 집단보다 의의있는 차이로 높게 나타났다.( P<.05 ) 정상집단과 지체장애자집단 간의 비교에서는 지체장애자집단이 안정성과 사회성에서 정상집단보다 유의한 차이로 낮게 나타났으며 ( P<.05 ), 신경증적 경향에 있어서는 유의한 차로 높게 나타났다. ( P<.05 ) 시설집단과 지체장애자집단의 비교에서는 시설집단이 정신병적 경향, 반사회적 경향에서는 지체장애자집단 보다 유의한 차로 높게 나타났으나( P<.05 ), 사회성에 있어서는 시설집단이 지체장애자집단 보다 유의한 차로 높게 나타났다. 이러한 結果로 볼 때 시설집단의 성격요인은 정상집단의 성격요인과 두드러지게 차이를 나타내고 있으나 지체장애아집단의 성격요인은 정상집단간의 성격요인과 두드러지게 큰 차이를 나타내지 않고 있음을 알 수 있다. 또한 시설집단의 성격요인과 지체장애자 집단의 성격 요인에서도 두드러지게 큰 차이를 보이지 않았다.;This study is intended, as its purpose, to closely look into what difference would exist in the peculiarity of human nature through the means of comparing the juveniles' group who grow in abnormal environment involved in the experiences of seperating from parents and the specificities of protection and nurture, and the physically handicapped juveniles who grow through suffering from psychological dissension and social in-adaptability due to their physicalimpediment, with the youth of normal families. The issues to be examined in this particular study are enumerated as follows : 1) Examine about what difference exists in the factors of personality between facilities' group (orphanage) and normal group as well. 2) Examine what difference exists in the factors of personality between the physically handicapped group and the normal group. 3) Examine what difference exists in the factors of personality between the physically handicapped group and the facilities' (orphanage) group. To closely look into these issues, a series of attempts are made to implement survey them through the method of "Diagnostic Examination on the Standardized Human Nature" by 'Hwang, Eung-yeon', which were applied to the objects sampled as follows: The students (Male : 40, Female : 30) accommodated at three facilities (orphanages) in the city of Ahnyang, The students belonging to two special schools in the city of Seoul, 60 men in total (Male: 30, Female: 30), 70 students of four middle schools in the city of Seoul (Male: 35, Female: 35). These results were compared by group and by personality factor together with calculating "Mean Value"(M) and "Standard Deviation"(SD), and t-verification was also conducted. The findings obtained through this study are summarized as follows : In the comparison between the normal group and the facilities' groups, it was discovered that the facilities' groups showed a lower degree with significant difference in the phases of stability, sociality, autonomy and achievement than the normal groups (P .05) and that the former appeared a higher degree with significant difference in psychotic tendency and anti-social tendency than the latter as a whole (P .05). Meanwhile, in the comparison between the normal groups and the physically handicapped groups, it was revealed that the physically handicapped groups showed a lower degree with significant difference in stability and sociality than the normal groups (P .05) and the former produced a higher degree with significant difference in neuropathic tendency than the latter (P .05) In the comparison between the facilities' groups and the physically handicapped groups, it was revealed that the facilities' groups showed a higher degree with significant difference in psychotic tendency and anti-social tendency than the physically handicapped groups (P .05), while the former showed a higher degree with significant difference in sociality (P .05) Observed from these findings, it was consequently revealed that thought the personality factors of the facilities' groups appeared a conspicuous difference as compared with the personality factors of the normal groups, the personality factors of the physically handicapped groups did not appear a conspicuously big difference as compared with the normal groups. In addition, it was furthermore discovered that their was not seen with conspicuously big difference as compared the personality facotrs of the facilities' groups with the personality factors of the physically handicapped groups.
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