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家庭의 心理的 過程變因과 高校生의 欲求變因과의 關係硏究

Title
家庭의 心理的 過程變因과 高校生의 欲求變因과의 關係硏究
Other Titles
In the influencess of Psychological process of home upon the need of youth
Authors
高敬淑 .
Issue Date
1979
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공교육심리분야
Keywords
가정과정변인욕구형성청소년
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
Assuming that need would be much influenced by the home environments, especially when man comes to experience for the first time in his life, the purpose of this study is to investigate how the psychological factors of the home ervironments have influence on the need formation of youth. The problems investigated in this study are as follows : 1. Do the home-pointing-to-value influence the homes psychological process? 2. Do the homes group personality influence the upper and lower side groups of the homes psychological process? 3. What effects do the homes psychological process have on need? To test the above statements, 221, highschool boys and girls in Seoul were selected, and the test for home environment and the test for needs were carried out. According to the each variable of the home environment M and S.D. as the index of need between the upper and lower groups were caculated, and the differences were examined using the C.R. test. The results are as follows : 1. Social Rising, among one of the home-pointing-to-value factors, had influence only upon achievement and opening(P<.01), autonomy(P<.05) and of Pointing-to-Materialism upon affection(P<.05) and autonomy(P<.01), and of Traditionalism upon achievement(P<.01), opening and affection(P<.05). 2. Role Expectancy, one of the Home group-Character's factors, had in-fluence only upon achievement, opening and autonomy(P<.01), and of the Attitude among the family members upon opening, affection and Autonomy(P<.01), and of the Home Congelation upon achievement(P<.05), Affection and autonomy(P<.01) between the upper and lower side groups. 3. Among the group characters of home, the group of higher need responded more positively to achievement and more negatively to opening, affection. But in the Autonomy, it did not appeared meaningful differences between the upper and lower side groups. 4. Boys responded more positively to the needs than girls.;人間의 基本動機中의 하나인 欲求는 特히 人間이 最初로 겪게되는 家庭環境안에서 많은 影響을 받으리라는 前提로 本 硏究에서는 高校生을 對象으로 心理的 過程 變因이 靑少年외 欲求 形咸에 影響을 미치는가를 檢證하는데 目的이 있다. 本 硏究에서 밝히고자 하는 問題는 다음과 같다. 1. 家庭의 價値指向性에 있어 上, 下集團間에 家庭의 心理的 過程이 유의미한 差異가 있는가? 2. 家庭의 集團性格에 있어 上, 下集團間에 家庭의 心理的 過程이 유의미한 差異가 있는가? 3. 家庭의 心理的 過程은 欲求에 어떠한 影響을 미치는가? 이를 밝히기 爲해 서울市內 男女高校生 221名을 選定하여 家庭環境診斷檢査와 欲求診斷檢査를 實施하여 家庭環境의 各 要因에 따라 上下集團別로 欲求尺度에서외 M과 SD를 算出하고, CR檢證을 使用하여 差의 의의도를 살펴보았다. 그 結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 家庭의 價値指向性 要因中, 社會上昇은 上下集團間에 成就, 開放(P<0.01), 自律(P<0.5)에서 유의한 差異가 나왔고, 物質 指向은 親愛(P<.05), 自律(P<.01)에서 유의한 差異가 나왔고 전통은 成就(P<.01), 開放, 親愛(P<.05)에서 유의한 차이가 나왔다. 2. 家庭의 集團性格 要因中, 役割期待는 上下集團間에 成就, 開放, 自律(P<.01)에서, 相互態度는 開放, 親愛, 自律(P<.01)에서, 凝結力은 成就(P<.05), 親愛, 自律(P<.01)에서 유의한 差異가 나왔다. 3. 家庭의 心理的 過程 要因中 成就, 閉鎖, 親愛 集團이 非成就, 開放, 拒否集團보다 欲求에 더 높은 반응을 나타냈으며 自律一他律集團間에는 별로 차이가 없었다. 4. 男子가 女子보다 欲求가 더 높게 나왔다.
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