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慶州의 觀光地理的 考察

Title
慶州의 觀光地理的 考察
Other Titles
(A) GEOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF THE TOURIST INDUSTRY AND THE TOURISTS IN THE CITY OF KYEONGJU
Authors
宋善花
Issue Date
1983
Department/Major
교육대학원 사회과교육전공지리교육분야
Keywords
경주관광지리지리
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
경제성장에 따른 소득增大와 觀光에 대한 慾求적 增大로 觀光産業이 發達하게 되고 海外觀光客의 增大로 인한 外貨獲得이 많아져 觀光産業에 대한 重要性이 커지고 있다. 慶州는 아름다운 自然景觀과 歷史文化財가 많은데 歷史 遺蹟에는 國寶 23점, 寶物 44점, 史蹟 51점, 名勝 2점, 民俗資料 3점, 地方文化財 41점과 新羅文化際 등의 無形文化財가 있으며 普門觀光團地, 統一殿, 花郎敎育院 등의 産業的 資源이 풍부한 觀光都市이다. 慶州 觀光地는 新羅文化, 遺蹟의 保存운동으로 日帝時代부터 形成되기 시작했으나 本格的인 發達은 1968年 國立公園 제정 이후와 1972年~1981年에 걸쳐 실시된 慶州觀光綜合開發事業 이후로 慶州市에 散在해 있는 文化遺蹟地의 보수, 정비 작업과 觀光附帶施設이 확충된 이후이다. 觀光事業體의 成長은 높게 나타나는데 주로 慶州 中心市街地 地域과 佛國寺 地域, 普門觀光團地 內에 集中 分布하고 있다. 觀光客의 대부분이 內國人 觀光客이며 우리나라를 방문한 全入國 外國人 觀光客 중 慶州를 방문하는 觀光客은 20 % 미만으로 낮다. 觀光客은 年中 주로 봄·가을 集中 경향을 보이며 月別 觀光客의 변화율은 內國人學生·內國人일반·外國人觀光客의 順으로 나타난다. 특히 內國人은 5月, 10月에, 外國人은 6月에 集中하고 있다. 觀光客에게 많은 매력을 주고 있는 史蹟地는 佛國寺, 大陵園, 博物館 등이다. 이들 觀光客의 호텔, 관광요정, 호텔附帶施設, 기념품점 등 觀光業所 이용율은 낮게 나타나고 對照的으로 여관, 일반음식점 등의 이용율은 높게 나타나, 호텔 관광요정, 기념품점, 등 觀光施設의 합리적인 운영과 改善策이 요구된다.;This study attempt to analyze the historical development of the tourist industries and to find out the tourist-oriented resources developed in the city of Kyeongju. And finnally to study the characteristics of tourists who visit to the study area. The data was obtained from the City of Kyeongju such as Statistical Year Book, Photos, and Reports and some materials from the Ministry of Construction and some other public offices. The data was analyzed with the methods of description as well as with the statistics such as nearest neighbor analysis and standard distance methods. The city of Kyeongju is the city of tourist, which has many hinds of tourist resources such as natural resources, histroical resources, and industrial resources. The natural resources includes the mountains, riverse, and national parks, the historical resources consists of rivers, temples, monuements, and antics, the industrial resources includes the museums, hotels, and the restaurents. The tourism industry was developed in the later stage of Yi-Dynasty and continued to do so. With the tourism industry promotion Act enacted in 1968, the industry made a drastic development. The number of the tourists who visit the study area increase from the time 1575 on but the number decrease in 1980 because of the political and social unrest. Now the number amounts to one millions annually. The foreign tourist to the study area numbered about 200,000 annually, 20% of the total tourist who visit the country. The foreigners prefers the summer the domestic tourists prefer the autumn and spring. Most of the trouist used to take a use secondary level hotel and restaurants instead of first level one.
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